1 Understand what dementia is
1.1 explain what is meant by the term ‘dementia’
Dementia is a serious loss of global cognitive ability in a previously unimpaired person, beyond what might be expected from normal ageing. 1.2 describe the key functions of the brain that are affected by dementia Dementia is not a single disease, but a non-specific syndrome (i.e., set of signs and symptoms). Affected cognitive areas can be memory, attention, language, and problem solving. temporal lobe = responsible foe vision, memory, language, hearing, learning frontal lobe = responsible for decision making , problem solving, control behavior and emotions parietal lobe = responsible for sensory information from the body, also where letters are formed, putting things in order and spatial awareness occipital lobe = responsible for processing information related to vision cerebrum lobe = biggest part of the Brain its role is memory, attention, thought, and our consciousness, senses and movement hippocampus = responsible for memory forming, organizing and storing and emotions 1.3 explain why depression, delirium and age-related memory impairment may be mistaken for dementia
Delirium and age-related memory impairment may be mistaken for dementia because this can be also symptoms for other disease or even diseases. Normally, symptoms must be present for at least six months to support a diagnosis. Cognitive dysfunction of shorter duration is called “delirium”. Especially in later stages of the condition, subjects may be disoriented in time (not knowing the day, week, or even year), in place (not knowing where they are), and in person (not knowing whom they and/or others around them are).
2 Understand key features of the theoretical models of dementia 2.1 outline the medical model of dementia
Dementia as a clinical syndrome is characterized by global cognitive impairment, which represents a decline from previous level of functioning, and is associated with impairment...