Question 1) Explain each of the terms:
* Speech- Is the vocalised language in which people do.
* Language- Is a way in which you communicate with words or set of symbols that can be spoken, written or signed. * Communication-Is a way of sending signals to another person this includes facial expressions, body language, language, and gesture. * Speech, language and communication needs- Is any difficulty in which the child has in speech, language or communicating. Question 2) Explain how speech, language and communication skills support each of the following areas in children’s development: * Learning-Speech, language and communication skills support children’s learning development as they will be able to talk about experiences and what they have learnt during the day. * Emotional- This is supported because as the child gets older and their language and communication skills develop they can express their needs. Also you may notice that the child as it gets older is less frustrated as they will be able to express how they are feeling by using words instead of throwing a tantrum. * Behaviour- Speech, language and communication skills support children’s learning development as children find it hard to control their behaviour but once language is present they seem to have more control and it is thought that may be children think their behaviour through also they focus on the consequences of their actions. * Social- Speech, language and communication skills support children’s social development as children will be able to recognise emotions and be able to control their own emotions. Also the children will be able to talk through activities with their friends or carers. Question 3) Describe the potential impact of speech, language and communication difficulties on the overall development of a child, both currently and in the longer term: When children have difficulties there are more likely going to be effects on the child’s development, but the extent that the child is affected is depend on the child it self and if the child is supported. Here is a list of immediate short-term effects of language difficulties on development: * Find it hard to make themselves understood
* Difficulties in applying information in new situations
* Low levels in confidence
* Difficulties in making new friends
* Difficulties in learning new information
The longer term developmental consequences in children who have difficulties with speech, language and communication are harder to predict but here is a list that children may have later on in life: * Lower self esteem
* Find it hard to make and maintain relationships/friendships * Become isolated
* Not achieved their potential
* Not independent
* Develop anti-social behaviour
Question 1) Explain the ways in which adults can effectively support and extend the speech, language and communication development of children during the early years. There are many ways in which adults can support and extend the speech, language and communication development of children during the early years and they are: * Words and Levels of language- When working with babies the adult will need to use exaggerated facial expressions and point to objects so that the baby can work out our meaning of what we are talking about. As the child gets older our style needs to change instead of simplifying our language the adult may enrich it so the child’s vocabulary can develop. * Questions-Questions are an important part in stimulating and extending children’s speech. They show the children that we are interested in what they are doing or talking about. The way the question is asked can effect the way the child responses. There is many types of questions here are some of them: Rhetorical questions are not really questions as the speaker tends to answer the question...
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