1.1 The main current legislation, guidelines, policies and procedures within own UK home nation for safeguarding children and young people are as follows;
SAFEGUARDING (Local safeguarding Children Board, Children’s Act 1989, Protection of Children’s Act 1999, The Children’s Act (every child matters 2004) and Safeguarding Vulnerable Group’s Act 2006), Data Protection Act (1998) INFORMATION AND COMPLAINTS
SPECIFIC LEGAL REQUIREMENTS OF PREMISES AND SECURITY
EQUALITY OF OPPERTUNITIES (human rights act 1998)
MEDICINES Safe staff, i.e. (criminal records bureau checked) CRB ILLNESS AND INJURIES (RIDDOR 1995)
FOOD AND DRINK
SMOKING BEHAVIOUR MANAGEMENT
SAFE RECRUITMENT (CRB exempt from rehabilitation act 1974)
HEALTH & SAFETY AT WORK ACT 1974
CONTROL OF SUBSTANCES HAZARDOUS TO HEALTH (COSH 2002)
1.2 Explain child protection within the wider concept of safeguarding children and young people
Child protection is much more than safeguarding or protecting children from direct abuse. The ‘Safe action plan’ is a piece of legislation that is very similar to the outcome of the 10 year strategies which we have here in Northern Ireland. It shows an understanding that children need protected in a wider view of safeguarding and has recognised a number of aspects in areas of protection . Keeping children safe.
. Crime and bullying. Forced marriage
. Missing children. Actively promoting their welfare in a healthy and safe environment. This action plan is designed to work in a more holistic nature and be more ‘child centred’ promoting a happy safe environment for the child, supporting the child in areas of social and emotional wellbeing, healthy eating e.g. Healthy eating vouchers, no tolerance 1.3 Analyse how national and local guidelines, policies and procedures for safeguarding affect ‘day to day work with children and young people.
As it is the responsibility that anyone who comes into the contact of children directly or indirectly has a duty to keep children safe. And have the ability to recognise if a child is at risk of harm or abuse the local guidelines, policies and procedures have some clear guideline responsibility exist to ensure children are protected.
The table below shows the English equivalent to the ‘Department of Health, Social Services and Public Safety’ (DHSPSS) which issues guidance for or four local health and social service boards in Northern Ireland.
THE LINE OF RESPONSIBILITY TO ENSURE CHILDREN OR PROTECTED
there is a multitude of services and people who work directly with children and are guided by regional policies such as professional nurses, doctors, social workers. Teachers, classroom assistants and education...
1.4 Explain when and why inquiries and serious case reviews are required and how the sharing of the findings informs practice.
Serious cases of child abuse are when the child is physically injured repeatedly or neglected, which then results in their untimely death. An inquiry into the case is carried out to find out how the child or young person died and how the system failed to protect and prevent this. Serious cases are also recorded and reviewed to give agencies examples of failures to which they can improve on. As stated by Tassoni et al (2010) pg. 113, ‘Society has a duty to protect children and young people’ and should be able to do this by having effective communication between all the organisations involved in the protection of children and young people. These organisations such as local authorities, police, education welfare, hospitals etc. are supported by legislation, policies and procedures to help them in their duty...