How a child and young persons development is influenced by the following personal factors. •Health status- A good example of how this could influence a child's development is asthma, a condition that affects breathing and is currently on the increase. This may restrict what they can and cannot do, they ,may not feel like playing and find it harder to make friends because they miss playgroup session and cannot physical join in. •Disability- A child in a wheelchair may not physically be able to join in with certain games and sports, therefore minimising the ability to participate in sports. However it is our right to take and inclusive approach and adapt activities for anyone with a disability. •Sensory impairment- Children or young people who have sensory impairments may not be able to participate in activities which may affect this impairment or make them uncomfortable in any way. For example, a child who has over sensitive hearing and can hear very well, it can get too noisy for them when in a large group and they can become upset and uncomfortable, this limits their ability to mix in large groups. •Learning difficulties- A child with dyslexia may struggle at school when reading and writing and would need some extra help, this may limit their ability to be confident within a group and speak out within a class.
•Poverty and deprivation- poverty affects children and their families in a variety of ways. Poverty in the uk is categorised as relative rather than absolute, meaning the children are not starving, but the effects of growing up in poverty are still very marked. an example of this would be, Housing : inadequate housing can affect health and play opportunities. •Family environment and background- Unfortunately no all parents are able to cope as well as the ones who can and have a positive important part in their childs development. This can affect the way their children develop. Depression, drug taking and alcoholism are examples of conditions that might contribute to parents’ inability to fulfil their parenting role easily. While parents may neglect babies and younger children, older children may find themselves taking a caring role within the family. It is unknown for children as young as 5 years to dress and feed younger siblings. •Personal choice- As children develop into young people, they are usually given more independence and autonomy. This means that they are often in situations where they can make their own decisions, such as whether or not to smoke, drink or have sex. The choices that young people make can have an effect on their development. Cannabis for example can interfere with the healthy growth of the brain in teenage years. •Looked after/ care status- Statistically, children and young people who live with their parents but are the responsibility of local authorities have less favourable outcomes. There are many reasons for this, but a key factor is the lack of a stable, warm and consistent environment in which children and young people can make strong attachments. The need for children and young people to have a strong and enduring attachment with primary carer seems to make a difference in terms of children's academic development , as well as their social and emotional development •Education- Quality education can enhance children’s overall development considerably. Good education stimulates children's cognitive development, allowing them to learn read write, problem solve and reason. Education can also help children to socialise, develop moral codes and learn to be organised. .
Theories of development.
•Humanist- Motivation and personality are linked to our basic needs being met. •Behaviourist- Behaviourist theories look at the way in which children repeat actions in response to stimuli and reinforcements. •Psychoanalytic- personality and actions are determined by the unconscious mind which develops in...