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|Institutional and Policy Landscapes of Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate |PHILIPPINES | |Change Adaptation | | |In Asia and the Pacific | | |Rodel D. Lasco and Rafaela Jane P. Delfino |September 2010 | | |(FINAL REPORT) | | | | |A Joint Project of the | | |World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) Philippines | | |and United Nations International Strategy for | | |Disaster Reduction Secretariat (UNISDR) | | |Asia and Pacific Regional Office | |

PHILIPPINES

INSTITUTIONAL AND POLICY LANDSCAPES OF DISASTER RISK REDUCTION AND CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION IN ASIA AND PACIFIC

SUMMARY

Development faces a growing threat from a changing climate – particularly through extreme impact and more extreme events. The Philippines has been considered as highly vulnerable to current (i.e. natural disasters), as well as future climate-related risks. The development goals of the country can be severely affected and a great number of population and livelihoods can be at risk. Managing risks to development requires the systematic integration of disaster risk management (DRM) and climate change adaptation (CCA) in terms of project activities, coordination and financing mechanisms. However, until now these agendas have evolved independently in terms of institutions and policies.

Over the years, there have been several planning and development projects that have addressed these issues. The outputs of these projects although substantial, have not found their way into the scientific literature. As a result they have not been cited in assessments such as those by the IPCC and thus failed to inform policy making. This UN ISDR-ICRAF project tries to address those gaps in knowledge transfer. This paper reviewed the initiatives of the Philippines on DRM and CCA and assesses the progress of its integration to development planning.

Significant program and strategy advances have been gained in strengthening DRM; and pioneering steps, including key national policies and institutions for promoting CCA. The recently approved policies on both DRM and CCA, and other adaptation projects feature clear overlaps, including efforts to harmonize coordination structures. From the review of the DRM and CCA institutional and policy landscapes of the country, the study provides recommendations and immediate priorities for the Philippines to facilitate effective integration of DRM and CCA into policies and programs.

PROJECT BACKGROUND

It is being increasingly recognized that mainstreaming of an integrated approach to CCA and DRR into key sectoral policies, such as agriculture and natural resource management and urban development, is essential. Indeed, it is crucial for climate change and disaster risk reduction initiatives to work in tandem and that...
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