The Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program was conceived in 1929 by the International Association of Chiefs of Police to meet a need for reliable, uniform crime statistics for the nation. In 1930, the Federal Bureau of Investigations (FBI) was tasked with collecting, publishing, and archiving those statistics (Federal Bureau of Investigations, 2007). Today, the FBI produces a Uniform Crime Report (UCR) annually for all fifty (50) states and the cities within those states from statistic collected from all police enforcement agencies. The UCR lists violent crimes and property crimes and categorizes each separate crime under those offenses. I have selected to discuss the crime of larceny theft for the two (2) metropolitan areas of Washington D.C., Washington, and Chicago, Illinois. In the following I will identify the number of occurrences, what the rates were, did the rates change over time, and what factors could explain a change for both areas.
First, larceny theft is typically defined as the taking of almost anything of value without the consent of the owner, with the intent to permanently deprive him or her of the value of the property taken. The two areas for the purposes of this paper do not include weapons used to commit the theft. Most states recognize degrees of theft, such as "grand" or "petty," which usually relate to the value of the property taken (Your Dictionary, 2007). For the two areas I have chosen, identity theft is included for the intention of data calculated under larceny theft. Wile researching the UCR, I was able to find statistics for the calendar years of 2001 until 2005 for both metropolitan areas. Below is a table for each area for viewing purposes only in which the year, population, and statistics for the crime are listed.
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