Topic A: Skilled Migration
United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
What is a migrant worker? Migrant workers are people working outside of their home country. Migrant workers bring labor to nearly every industry. Some migrant workers can also be known as skilled migrants. Skilled migration has occurred throughout the world. Skilled migration includes migrant worker who have left their homelands in order to pursue a more efficient way of life. All around the world people continue to look for improvements on their living conditions. Immigration often occurs among people who are in search of a new and more reliable surrounding. However, skilled migration has caused a well known issue with economic, social, and political entanglement implications between countries around the world.
Skilled migration is a central element of the Australian Government’s migration program. Migration to Australia of people with qualifications and relevant work experience enhances the size and skill level of the Australian labour force and helps to address specific skill shortages. Within the broad context of immigration policies designed to address labour market issues, there has been a specific policy emphasis in Australian immigration policies since 1996 on addressing skilled worker shortages in regional Australia. The Australian Government, in consultation with State and Territory Governments, has developed programs and visa categories to encourage prospective skilled migrants to locate to regional Australia. These programs and visa categories complement the migration to regional areas that occurs through the General Skilled Migration (GSM) program and aim to encourage a more balanced settlement of Australia’s skilled migrant intake and to address skills needs in specific regions. These programs now comprise a significant and growing component of Australia’s annual immigration program.
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