Introduction. . . . . . . . . .
UNESCO. . . . . . . . . . . .
Main Constitutional Organs of UNESCO--
General Conference. . .
Executional Board. . . . .
The Secretariat. . . . . . .
National Commissions. .
Functions of UNESCO--
Education. . . . . . . . . . . .
Scientific Activities. . . . Culture and Communication. . . . . . . . . Social and Human Sciences. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
UNESCO-- FACT FILE. . .
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), specialized agency of the United Nations, with headquarters in Paris. Its Counterpart in the League of Nations was the only up an International Commited for Intellectual cooperation. UNESCO was founded in 1946. It has 195 members and 8 associate members. The Organization's policies are decided by the general conference, which meets every two years;it consits of 1 representative for each member. The Executive board, with 58 members elected for four - year terms, and a secretariat, headed by a director - general, carry out the program. National commissions or cooperating bodies of member states act as Liaisons between UNESCO and National Educaional scientific, and cultural organizations. UNESCO seeks further world peaces by encaraging free interchange of ideas and of cultural and scientific achievements and by improving education. After world war II, UNESCO worked for the physical recontraction of the educational facilites of war-devastated countries by building up library and museum collection. Since 1950 it has organized projects for primary education in Latin America, Asia, and Africa. It has also encouraged cultural exchanges between East and West, undertaking translations of important writings and organizing personal exchanges. A most important long -range UNESCO program concerns the problem of "fundamental education" : teaching people to read and write and meet the problems of their environment. Centers to train educators have been established in cambodia, India, South Korea, Liberia, Thailand, and Turkey, and fundamental-education centers have been set up in Latin Amecia and in the Middle East.
In 1959, UNESCO set up an internation committee to preserve and restore cultural property, which played a leading role in prserving Egyptain monuments threatenend by the contraction of the Aswan High Dam. Funds were collectd and experts assembled from all over the world in a successful effort to save the monuments, including the famous Abu-simbel temples of Ramses II. In the 1970s and 80s, UNESCE was mired in controversy over the insistence of the developing nations, supported by the Soviet bloc, that it establish a "New World Informantion Order." At issue was a move to establish an international press code and licensing system for journalists, facilitating press controls by governaments. The United States withdrew its membership(1984) followed by Great Britain and Singaore, chanrging UNESCO with budgetary extravagace and hostility to free press and free markets. By the mid-1990s, however, UNESCO was helping European jounalists adjust to a free press.Great Britain rejoined in 1997, the United States in 2003, and Singapore in 2007. In 2011, UNESCO's admission of the palestinian Authority (as palestine) as a full member sparked a new controversy, and led to U.S. funding cuts.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and cultural Organization was established on 4th November, 1946. It is one of the main agencies of the United Nations. 'Since wars begin in the minds of men , it is in the minds of men that the defences of peace must be constructed', was the logic behind setting up this...