Unemployment: Higher Education and Graduates

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Our agency, conducted a survey of 3300 human resource personnel and bosses from March 29-31 2005 via email to find out the factors for graduate unemployment. The factors are weak English which is 56%,bad social etiquette 36%,demand too much pay 32%,degrees not relevant 30%,fresh grads too choosy 23% and no vacancies 14% So I am here today to give all of you view what is actually causes of this unemployment that have become serius problem in our country nowadays First off all,I would like to explain what is actually graduate umemployment means. Unemployment occurs when a person is available to work and seeking work but currently without work,graduates are unable to secure job after graduating from respective universities and collage universities.Graduate unemployment is unemployment among people with an academic degree.Researchers have voiced that higher education institutions, the job market and the needs of the labor market for graduates are different in comparison to twenty years ago. Statistic shown that most of the umemployed graduates are from IT-related fields, and breakdown of the umemployment graduates are,Malay 96.33%,Chinese: 1.73%,India:1.70%,and Others:0.24%.

First causes unemployment in Malaysia is lack of experience. Ladies and gentleman,
Nowadays, the employer will find the worker who had a lot of experienced one compared to the one without experience. Lack of experience and skills are also causes of graduate unemployment. Generally, most organizations prefer to employ graduates with experience. Furthermore, in Malaysia, the private sector today is not interested in recruiting local graduates because they lack essential skills, such as proficieny in English and interpersonal skills . There appears to be a disparity between what employers require and what skills graduates have.

Moving on to second causes of unemployment among graduates is lack of social and communication skill.Many employers cited lack of necessary communication skills, poor command of English and lack of confidence during interviews had led to increasing number of unemployed graduates.Communication skills and language proficiency were best acquired through constant practice. According to the Minister of Human Resources, more than 65% of female graduates in this country are employed because they lack social and communication skills in addition to a poor command of language and low levels of self confidence. He added that many female graduates had achieved excellent academic results but could not secure employment without the relevant skills required in the labor market. The number of unemployed female graduates is also much higher in comparison male graduates. It has been assumed that the lack of experience and skills are the causes leading to the unemployment of graduate's. In Malaysia, the private sector today is not interested in recruiting local graduates because they lack several important skills, such as the capacity to communicate well in English, a lack of ICT proficiency, and a lack of interpersonal skills. This scenario reveals that, there is a skills gap between what skills are required by employers and what skills graduates have. Suitable degree programs are not the only mechanisms for developing work skills in higher education. Students are encouraged to take part in extra curricular activities which may assist them in developing soft skills. It is important for a student to begin accumulating as much work related experience (soft skills) as early as they can. Soft skills are generally categorized into three areas; character, interpersonal skill and critical and creative thinking. These skills enable one to communicate effectively, manage relationships, lead a team, and solve problems. Soft skill development should be inculcated into the education syllabus. It is important to teach soft skills required to survive and succeed in the work market. The primary purpose of higher education is to prepare students for the world...
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