Understand Your Fats and Fiber
University of Phoenix
After completing the readings I understand that saturated and trans fat are the ‘bad’ fats that add bad cholesterol and can lead to heart disease. Monounsaturated and polyunsaturated are the good fats and can help reduce bad cholesterol and reduced the risk of heart disease. The best fats are consumed in moderation based on a healthy diet for your weight, age, and activity level. You need to burn as many or more calories than you eat, and get the needed amount of all the necessary nutrients.
According to “American Heart Association” (2013), Saturated fats “have a chemical makeup in which the carbon atoms are saturated with hydrogen atoms. Saturated fats are typically solid at room temperature” (Saturated Fats). Unsaturated fats are the opposite. They are fats that have either one (mono) or more than one (poly) “double bonded carbon in the molecule” (Polyunsaturated Fats).
According to “American Heart Association” (2013), “Trans fats (or trans fatty acids) are created in an industrial process that adds hydrogen to liquid vegetable oils to make them more solid.” (Trans Fats). A hydrogenated fat is another name for a trans fatty acid. They are both man made by adding hydrogen atoms to solidify unsaturated fats for cooking. These fats are harmful because they add bad cholesterol to our bodies, and bad cholesterol absorbs into out cell walls causing atherosclerosis. Fiber is an important part of our diet because it helps us feel fuller, and aids in the digestion process, preventing constipation. Fiber is found in nuts, fruits, beans, and grains. Lipids are ‘good’ and ‘bad’ cholesterol. They can either help to remove cholesterol from body tissue to the liver for removal (good), or it can transfer cholesterol from the liver to body tissue where it is absorbed and can cause atherosclerosis (bad).
The difference between insoluble and soluble fiber is their ability to absorb...
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