Understanding the Principles of Assessment

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Unit 1
1.Understanding the Principles and Practices of Assessment

1.1 Function of assessment in learning and development Assessment enables the assessor to measure and record learner achievement. It also enables one to identify individual learner needs through formative assessments as you are working with the learner throughout, identifying what the next step should be. Formative assessments are a continuous process used to provide feedback to the learner. It could also be through summative assessments whereby the assessor will be assessing what has been achieved whilst at the same time, monitoring learner development against set standards in line with quality standards in order to achieve best practice. Summative assessments also provide a description of learner’s level of knowledge on completion of an activity or task.

1.2 Key Concepts and Principles of Assessment
Purpose: Who is the assessment intended for e.g. learner, organisation or assessor. Assessment enables one to evaluate or make a reflection of your teaching.

Reliability: If an assessment was totally reliable assessors acting independently using the same criteria should come to the same outcome when marking a piece of work, in the interests of quality, fairness and assurance.

Validity: Does the assessed task actually assess what you want it to.

1.3 Responsibilities of the Assessor
The role of the assessor is to assess the learner's performance in a range of tasks. They will ensure that the competence or knowledge demonstrated meets the required standard which is why it is important the assessor has experience in the area of work being assessed.. The assessor will plan assessments with each learner and ensure they are fully aware of their responsibility in collection and presentation of evidence. The assessor will observe the candidate in the work place or environment that reflects the true job. The assessor may ask questions in order to confirm knowledge and understanding. The assessor will give accurate and constructive feedback and keep records of the learner's achievements. Overall, the assessor is responsible for developing the learner and contributes towards organisational goals. 1.4 Regulatory bodies and Requirements

Regulatory bodies- Sector Skills Council, City and Guilds awarding body, Institute for Learning. Requirements- Health and Safety; ensuring that learners are learning in a safe and healthy environment. Equality and Diversity; ensuring that learners are treated fairly regardless of their background; Data protection; making sure that sensitive information for learners is kept confidentially, Safeguarding, being able to recognise inappropriate behaviour, respond and report as appropriate, tracking/recording of learner work, communicating decisions with learners, standardisation, moderation and quality assurance of assessment.

2. Understanding different types of assessment methods
2.1 Compare the strengths and limitations of a range of assessment methods with reference to the needs of individual learners. Method| Advantages| Disadvantages|
Observation| * Shows the learner can perform the task. * Very suitable for a learner who would find it very difficult to produce written evidence. * Easy collectable evidence of competence across a wide range of routine work activities.| * May result in misinterpretation of information by the assessor. * Open to bias.| Discussion| * Provides a holistic approach to assessing knowledge and understanding * Useful in determining not only what the learner knows but how they perform.| * Learner may not feel comfortable taking part in a discussion. * May also not be comfortable or confident enough to speak to an audience.| Question and Answer| * Tests the learner knowledge of facts and procedures. * Checks if the learner understands principles and concepts. * Collects information on the type and purpose of the process a...
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