Understanding the Darfur Conflict

Topics: Sudan, Omar al-Bashir, Darfur Pages: 2 (765 words) Published: April 11, 2013
With reference to one recent major international conflict, analyse and assess the geographical impacts of the conflict on the area(s) involved. Darfur is in the desert region of located in the far west of Sudan, the biggest country in Africa. Darfur, meaning ‘land of the Fur’ is separated into three regions: North Darfur, South Darfur and West Darfur. The North of Darfur was home to the Arabs whereas the South was home to the Blacks. Since the British left in 1956, Darfur has faced many years of tension over land and grazing rights between the mostly nomadic Arabs, and the black African farmers. In 1989 An Arab leader called Omar al-Bashir came to power in a coup and tried to remove the African presence in Darfur. The Sudan Liberation Army (SLA) and Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) began attacking government targets in early 2003, accusing the government of oppressing black Africans in favour of Arabs The effect of the conflict had some serious environmental, economic and social impacts. The social impacts are that over 300,000 Darfurian civilians died- an estimated 150,000 from violent attacks. Over 200,000 have fled abroad, mainly to Chad where they will face further violence as they will be refugees and more susceptible to the crime. 90 per cent of the villages of Darfur targeted ethnic groups have been destroyed as the Arabs were trying to get rid of the Africans. Also 3.5 million people are dependent on international humanitarian assistance. For that amount of people to depend on international help is a problem because if the other nations can’t provide then those people will suffer and not have a very good quality of life. However Darfur has the biggest humanitarian operation in the world. There are currently 14,000 aid workers. The economic impacts are that Darfur spent a lot of money on military weapons and so now the country struggle for basic resources. It is seen that in 2004 Darfur spent $1,352.71 on military weapons which especially went to the...
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