Psychological Disorders Part A.
What is schizophrenia, people may ask, It is a brain disease that is chronic and very severe, that “more than two Million Americans” (schizophrenia.com, 2004), are having to deal with each day. Understanding the causes and treatments of schizophrenia is the first thing that needs to be done when taking a look at the causes and the treatments of this disorder. The cause of schizophrenia is in a person’s genetics, or DNA as the professionals would say, along with the person’s environment. If a parent, sibling, such as a brother, sister, mother and father have this disorder most likely the other sibling will obtain the schizophrenia as well. But there is no certain gene that causes this disorder just by its’ self, it has been said to be that there are certain genes that are in the brain that can have a chemical malfunction. Treating for schizophrenia is mostly medications such as antipsychotic medications, but they have come up with some new medications called Clozopine, Risperdal, Olanzapine, and Zyprexa, that the doctors proscribe to the patients, in order for people who have this illness to have a life time of relief from this illness they must not only have the prescribed medications but, they are advised to attend group therapies that go along with the whole prescription. The medication that is given to patients can affect the brain that is causes them to have this illness. (Cheour, retrieved August 14, 2011). There is more than one part of the brain that is affected by the illness schizophrenia. Schizophrenia is caused by “distorted cognitive functions” (Cheour. M. Retrieved 8-14-11), which are hallucinations, along with disorganized speech. This illness has been known to cause abnormalities in the brain structures. They say it is because of the loss of the gray matter in the brain that is located with the neurons; as well as body cells, and the dendrites and the bodies’ axons. There is a...
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