1. What target behaviour(s) would it be realistic to consider modifying in this situation.
Behaviour modification assumes that reasonable, visible and assessable behaviours are clear objectives for change. All behaviour respects a few customary guidelines. These behaviour modifications theoretically should not fail. It means they are either unproductively or erratically put in place and do not achieve the desired behavioural effects. “The responsibility of the faculty is not only to teach the educational and cognitive skills to young people but also to transfer social values and the appropriate social behaviours to them. The faculty also helps students to become independent and responsible adults. At the same time, it requires students to obey the rules and to live up to expectations.” (Unal, 2011, pg 560) However, it is necessary to consider different student needs because every student’s mind-set is different. Some for example, suffer from lack of concentration and ability to correctly process information. As well as this, foreign students do not have as good understanding of the English language as English students and therefore are slower learners. The lecturer must cater for these students needs if he wants them to be punctual in his or her lectures and commit fully to the subject. There are a variety of target behaviours that would be reasonable to ask of any of the students in the class. The students should easily be able to adhere to these targets. There are several behavioural modifications that would be reasonable to consider. The lecturer may want to change current Attendance issues in order to modify absenteeism and achieve 100% attendance (with consideration of students who have valid reasons to not attend class e.g. poor health etc). Punctuality could be improved in order to eradicate a laidback approach to work and encourage students to be punctual. Students have no excuses to be late as lecture rooms are close together. Full Participation/Proactivity is also important to alter the student’s lazy and dismissive attitude towards work, allowing them to contribute fully in class discussions as well as showing full concentration and participation within the lecture. Failing to do so will lead to background noise and general disruptiveness that will distract other students as well as throwing the lecturer off course. Respect is also very important by modifying students’ impertinence. The students should remain silent when the lecturer is speaking and not shout out impolitely. Also, they should not distract other students, which would encourage them to lose concentration. Furthermore students should remain seated during the entire duration of lecture. This is key, as if one student shows lack of interest; this may cause a knock on effect to the rest of the students. Sitting correctly reinforces a working environment. E.g. If everyone is slouching and rocking on their chairs, this may create a sense of negativity within the working environment. (Buchanan and Huczynkski, Organizational Behaviour, 2010) Teachers and lecturers have to be aware that when attempting to modify the behaviour of the students, methods must be implemented correctly in order for the modifications to work at an optimum level in the classes.
2. What reinforcement regime could be developed and applied to achieve the desired behaviour change(s).
A reinforcement regime is a specific method that is implemented and used to try and achieve behaviour modifications. There are a variety of different reinforcement regimes such as the behaviourist approach and the cognitive approach. “The behaviourist approach is a technique used to encourage desired behaviours and discourage unwanted behaviours using operant conditioning.”(Buchanan and Huczynkski, Organizational Behaviour, 2010, pg 149). This was first used to treat learning disorders, phobias, psychiatric rehabilitation as well as...