Understanding Ethics Matrix

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Understanding Ethics Matrix

| |Utilitarian Theory |Distributive Justice Theory |Entitlement Theory | |Brief summary | | | | | | |Distributive justice is concerned with the fair allocation |This principle deals with the initial acquisition of | | |The idea that the moral worth of an action is determined |of resources among diverse members of a community. Fair |holdings. It is an account of how people first come to| | |solely by its usefulness in maximizing utility and |allocation typically takes into account the total amount of|own common property, what types of things can be held,| | |minimizing negative utility (utility can be defined as |goods to be distributed, the distributing procedure, and |and so forth. | | |pleasure minus pain, preference satisfaction, knowledge |the pattern of distribution of those results. | | | |or other things) as summed among all sentient beings. | | | |History and major proponent(s)| | |This principle explains how one person can acquire | | |Developed by Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832. Early...
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