Understanding Congenital Cardiac Disease in Children

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Quantitative Critical Appraisal Exercise
Rochelle Santoy
Indian River State College

Author Note
This assignment was prepared for HSC4730, section 178671, instructed by Professor Gagliano and Professor Smith, on March 23, 2013. Quantitative Critical Appraisal Exercise
In order to express our feel for this literature, let’s begin our quantitative critical appraisal exercise with a brief synopsis of this research study. The author believes powerfully that modest amounts of information are unknown about these ideas and the associations surrounded by children with congenital cardiac disease. On the other hand, this information is fundamentally growing potential interferences to maximize effectiveness for long-standing physical condition and reduce the hazards of becoming extremely over weight in this population. Obesity may create supplementary cardiovascular hazards to children with congenital heart disease. The point of this research is to illustrate the connection among physical activity contribution and body mass index in children at the age of ten to fourteen year old with cardiac disease existing at birth. The intent of this experiment was to calculate the powerful consequences of obesity on children with heart disease. (U.S. National Library of Medicine, 2007)

Statement of the problem. First of all, let’s explain the problem and the purpose of the research study. What is the problem? Childhood obesity arrived at a high magnitude in countless part of the nation. Over one quarter of children with cardiac heart disease are overweight or obese. Significant diseases associated with obesity can include type 2 diabetes, systemic hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and obstructive sleep apnea. Overweight children with CHD often have the conventional safety issues such as hereditary tendency, inactive standard of living, and reduced nutritional behavior. As more children are diagnosed in this nation with cardiac heart disease it is of extreme significance to explore healing treatments and avoid obesity in children of the age ten to fourteen years old. (U.S. National Library of Medicine, 2012) So due to this information the problem statement does build a good argument. Something needs to be done in this country about obesity in children because according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the latest data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2013), “Approximately 17% (or 12.5 million) of children and adolescents aged 2—19 years are obese. Since 1980, obesity prevalence among children and adolescents has almost tripled. There are significant racial and ethnic disparities in obesity prevalence among U.S. children and adolescents. In addition statics show, one in every seven low-income, preschool-aged children are obese” (Foundation for Improving Patient Outcomes, 2013, para1).

What is the purpose of this quantitative research study? “Quantitative researchers seek explanations and predictions that will generalize to other persons and places. The intent is to establish, confirm, or validate relationships and to develop generalizations that contribute to existing theories”. (Leedy & Ormrod, 2013, p96) The purpose of this quantitative research study is to find therapeutic management and avoid obesity in children of the age ten to fourteen years old. The essential technique to use when trying to help your child to sustain a healthy weight would include harmonizing the calories your child devours from foods and beverages with the calories your child uses through physical activity and normal growth. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2011)

What is the difference between a hypothesis and a research question? A hypothesis is an educated deduction, while a research question is basically the investigator speculates regarding the world. Hypotheses are fractions of the systematic research systems. They are occupied with exploring science, the study of society, the study of...
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