Understand Child and Young Person Development
Assignment task A – 1.1, 1.2
The sequence of development is the order in which babies develop for example, in physical development babies can't sit up on their own until they can support their own head. The rate of development is how old they are when they can do certain things, for example walking. There is usually an expectation of them being able to achieve certain stages of development by a certain age but this is not set in stone and each child is different. For example children usually start to try to walk by 12 months but some do it sooner and others later.
The difference is important so we can plan activities for the children in accordance with their sequence of development but we also need to be aware of their rate of development In case there is an issue that we need to investigate further or we may need to offer more support or involve other agencies with the child's parents/carers collaboration and agreement.
|Age Range |Sequence and rate of physical development | |0-3 months |Reflexes – swallowing and suckling, rooting, grasp and startle. | |3-6 months |Can lift and turn head. | |6-9 months |Will lie on front and lift hands and feet up, balancing on their | | |front. | |9-12 months |Eats finger food, feeding themselves. Will normally be standing up | | |and may be walking by holding onto furniture (cruising). | |1-2 years |Can use sit on and ride toys pushing themselves off with their | | |legs. | |2-4 years |Will be running and climbing, will be learning to pedal on a | | |tricycle or pushing themselves along with their feet. Will be | | |walking upstairs using alternate feet. | |4-7 years |Has mastered fine motor skills for tasks such as using scissors, | | |pouring, threading and handwriting. Will be able to kick a ball | | |around and control it (play football). | |7-12 years |Fine motor skills are even more advanced now for improved writing | | |and drawing skills. Skills with scissors have improved for better | | |results at cutting out. Better co-ordination, accuracy and speed | | |with fine motor skills and gross/large motor skills and locomotive | | |skills. | |12- 16 years |Changes to their body at the...