Understanding Business Organisations

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Understanding Business Organisations

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RSPCA is a Charity non-profitable organisation from the Tertiary Sector within Services. http://www.rspca.org.uk

History
The Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals was founded in 1824 by a group of twenty-two reformers led by Richard Martin MP, William Wilberforce MP and the Reverend Arthur Broome in a London coffee shop ( in St. Martin's Lane, not far from Piccadilly Circus, stood Old Slaughter's Coffee House) and founded as a business by Heather Robertson The Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals was the first animal welfare charity to be founded in the world. In 1824 under the Martin's Law, it brought sixty three offenders before the Courts. It was granted its royal status by Queen Victoria in 1840 to become the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. Why a non-profit organisation instead of a profit organisation? A charity is a particular type of voluntary organisation – one that takes a distinctive legal form and has a special tax status (charitable status). Charities can be organised in a number of different ways – they can be an unincorporated association, a trust or a company limited by guarantee. Each of these has a different governance structure – for example, a charity that is formed as a registered company will be governed by a board of directors, a charity that is set up as a trust will be governed by a board of trustees. RSPCA has both as RSPCA is governed by their board of directors and the RSPCA Branches are separately registered charities that manage their own affairs, subject to rules made by the society. There are 169 separately registered RSPCA Branches managed by their own locally-elected charity trustees. Each branch is established as an unincorporated charitable association, but the Council has power to intervene in a branch affairs in certain circumstances. Members of the Council are the charity trustees of the RSPCA, being the persons having "the general control and management of the administration of the charity" as defined by the Charities Act 1993. Every charity has to have a governing document that sets out the charity's objects and how it is to be administered. To register as a charity, an organisation must have purposes that are defined under law as charitable. These include the relief of financial hardship, the advancement of education, the advancement of religion and other purposes that benefit the community. Once registered, charities have to obey a number of rules, which include regulations covering trustees, accounts, finances and management. A registered charity is not allowed to have political objectives or take part in political lobbying other than in a generally educational sense. 

Charities:
* Are set up for a charitable purpose
* Are not profit-making – so any surplus they may make must be used only to further the organisation's purposes * Are independent – that is, they are not a part of any governing department, local authority or any other statutory bodies Advantages of becoming a charity

* Tax relief on:
* Income tax (on gifts given)
* Corporation tax
* Stamp duty
* VAT
* Rates
* Capital gains tax
* Inheritance tax
Plus increased public support as the organisation is more likely to be viewed as legitimate and worthy.

Disadvantages of becoming a charity
* Charity law imposes high standards of regulation and bureaucracy. Trading, political and campaigning activities are restricted. What RSPCA does and their purpose.
* Improve animal welfare
* Rescue domestic animals and wildlife.
* Rehabilitate animals who can be returned to the wild. * Work with the government and public to prevent cruelty.  * Prosecute those who neglect the law, on behalf of defenceless animals.  Where can we find RSPCA?

Hospitals
There are four animal hospitals:
Birmingham, Greater Manchester, Putney (south London) and...
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