Ustaz Haji Ali Haji Mohamed, PBM
Islam is a religion of peace Indeed, peace is the basis for the existence of the universe, including the world and all its inhabitants. If we were to observe the galaxy with its clusters of stars, planets, and even each individual atom that makes up the units of the universe, we will be able to fully appreciate the meaning of peace and harmony. This is because without peace and orderliness, the harmony of the universe will be severely disrupted. Islam, which brings the message of the existence of the Al-Mighty God who administers the entire universe, places the value of peace as a basic value in its worldview. Peace in the Islamic worldview context includes:a. The word Islam comes from the root word ‘salam’ which means peace and tranquility. b. As-Salam is one of the 99 beautiful names of Allah (Asmaul- Husna). c. Almighty Allah gives salutation of peace (salam) to Prophet Muhammad, and to all His messengers and to those entering His paradise. d. ‘Salam’ (Peace) is the first word uttered by the Messenger of God, Prophet Muhammad when he met Allah, The Al-Mighty at Sidratul Muntaha during the Night of Ascent. e. The concept of salam (peace) is a natural instinct in each human being. f. Salam is obligatory in solat (prayers) In the Holy Quran, the meaning of peace is emphasized. The concept of peace as enjoined by the Holy Quran is all-encompassing. Peace is a right not only for Muslims but for each and every human being. This is clearly stated in the Holy Quran, Chapter 5 (Al-Maidah), verse 32: “On that account: We ordained for the Children of Israel that if any one killed a person - unless it be for murder or for spreading mischief in the land - it would be as if he killed all mankind, and if any one saved a life, it would be as if he saved the life of the whole mankind. Then although there came to them Our apostles with 1
clear signs, yet, even after that, many of them continued to commit excesses in the land. Clearly, the word ‘mankind’ in the Quranic verse above is used to refer to the whole of humanity and is not just for Muslims. More importantly, Islam enjoins that each Muslim live a peaceful life by promoting the spirit of tolerance. Almighty Allah states in the Holy Quran, Chapter 109(AlKafirun) which means: “Say: O ye that reject Faith! I worship not that which ye worship, Nor will ye worship that which I worship. And I will not worship that which ye have been wont to worship, Nor will ye worship that which I worship. To you be your Way, and to me mine. “
What is Jihad ? Jihad should be practiced in Islam. The question is, what kind of jihad should Muslims perform? The meaning of Jihad is to exert and expend energy, effort and strength to attain success and excellence as well as to overcome obstacles and challenges that threaten peace and tranquility needed to in order to glorify Allah’s religion. Jihad terminology according to language The word ‘Jihad’ from the language point of view means ‘utmost striving to achieve a desired goal or to abstain from despicable acts’. Jihad can also mean a particular effort to achieve goodness and avoid evil. Jihad according to Islamic law as explained in the Holy Quran The word ‘Jihad’ is repeated a total of 41 times in various forms in the Holy Quran. Imam Raghib Al-Asfahani, an expert Islamic scholar on Quranic interpretation, in his dictionary of the Holy Quran, Mu’jam Mufradat Alfadzh Al-Quran, categorizes Jihad as mentioned in the Holy Quran into three meanings: 1) Struggle against a clear enemy, 2) Struggle against Satan and 3) Struggle against Nafs (Oneself) In his book, Za’d al-Ma’ad, Ibnul Qayyim al-Jauziah, a renowned scholar from the Hambali school of thought, explains that jihad has four statuses: 2
1) 2) 3) 4)
Jihad against self Jihad against Satan Jihad against non-believers Jihad against the hypocrites
Divisions of Jihad Stages of Jihad Imam Ibnul Qayyim has mentioned in his book Zad...