Outcome 3: Understand the potential effects of transitions on children and young people
3.1 Identify the transitions experienced by most children and young people 3.3 Describe with examples how transitions may affect children and young people’s behaviour and development
Under each heading, explain how each aspect may impact on a child’s behaviour & development, giving examples.
Puberty is a major transition that all children at some point, will have to go through. It can be a difficult time for both sexes emotionally, socially and physically. Behaviour will change and so will their physical appearance, which may cause them to feel insecure, especially if they are female. Peer approval will become increasingly important and may be related to physical development. Males may show more aggressive behaviour as their hormone levels increase and females may become insecure about late development or embarrassed about early development. Both sexes will be very aware of their changes and will compare their own rate of development with that of their friends. Most, reach puberty around the same time, some develop earlier and some later. Boys who develop more quickly are often found to be more popular and independent. Girls, however, if developing earlier than their friends tend to get teased and have a more negative experience. The development of breasts can be very embarrassing for a girl, as it may bring a lot of unwanted comments and attention, not only from boys, but also from other girls who may be jealous of the attention the girl is getting, or may be teasing and gossiping. This can lower a person’s confidence and make them feel very uncomfortable. Changing for sports in a communal area could become an issue, with other girls staring, and may make the young person stay away from sports, preferring to go sick, rather than endure the unwanted attention. Starting periods can also be embarrassing. Having to change with others when the period is present may make the young girl feel uncomfortable, especially if she is unused to wearing tampons. The facilities may not be as clean as her home, and she may prefer to stay away during that period. This could cause an adverse effect on her studies and may lead to isolation from her friends. Often periods when they first start are very painful, and can cause emotional outbursts, such as anger, or tears. This may not be well received by friends who have not yet had to experience the trauma of puberty. Girls, who do develop quicker, often prefer the company of older girls who understand the changes. This can upset the existing friendships causing upsets and rows. Boys who do develop earlier seem to receive more attention and become more popular amongst both sexes. They may become more aggressive due to their hormonal changes, and may even pick on the smaller boys who have yet to develop. The late developers can get teased by both sexes, for having higher voices and a much smaller frame. They can become very self conscious and withdrawn during this period, preferring to keep a low profile and not draw too much attention.
• Starting school
Another important factor that may influence a child’s behaviour is starting school. Some children really love school from the very first moment they walk into the classroom and are settled and at ease. Others may take weeks or even months before they become happy and settled. Each child is unique and how long it takes for them to settle into their school environment will be different. School is a big change for children who have been used to spending their early years at home with mum or dad. They may have had some experience being separated from parents or carer when attending a pre-school or nursery but the day is not so structured and not so much is expected of them. Starting school can be a huge wrench for those children that have never been away from parents at all, and...