Understand the Expected Pattern of Development for Children and Young People from Birth – 19 Years.

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  • Topic: Primary care, Caregiver
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Understand Child and Young Person Development

Outcome 1Understand the expected pattern of development for children and young people from birth – 19 years.

|AGE |PHYSICAL |INTELLECTUAL COGNITIVE |COMMUNICATION |SOCIAL, EMOTIONAL, BEHAVIOURAL & MORAL | |At |Born with swallow and suckle reflex and will ‘root’, |Will recognise the sound of their primary |Will cry to make their needs known, whether this|Bond begins to form between baby and their primary| |Birth |to find nipple to feed. Will grasp any object |carer’s (usually mother) voice and will also be|be hunger or feeling uncomfortable (e.g. soiled |carers. This is especially so during feeding. | | |touching the palm of their hands and sudden noises or|familiar with the primary carer’s scent. |nappy, too hot/cold) or distressed in anyway. | | | |bright lights will startle. When held upright on hard|Becomes more and more aware of physical | | | | |surface will often make “stepping” movements. |sensations, such as hunger. | | | |1 |Startle reflex is gradually lessoning and they will |Stops crying when picked up, and/or hears a |Eyes will follow a dangling toy held above/in |Will look intently at Primary care giver’s face | |Month |begin looking less stiff and inflexible. Held |familiar voice. Care givers may be able to |front of them. From around the 5 or 6 weeks |when spoken to or during feeding. Fleeting or | | |sitting, head will fall forward. |differentiate between different sounding cries |stage babies will show contentment by “cooing”. |brief smiles whilst asleep and around the 5 or 6 | | | |(whether baby is hungry/distressed etc.) |Will make eye contact as well as crying to make |weeks stage will also begin to smile to show | | | | |needs known. |contentment. | |3 |Pelvis is flat when lying flat and lower back is |Watches movements of their arms/hands and |Smiles at the sound of a familiar voice and will|Becoming more aware of their environment and | |Months |still weak. Held sitting, babies will hold their head|clasps/unclasps hands. Will hold an object |return a smile. Will vocalise pleasure when |routines, reacting to the preparation of food or | | |steady for several seconds. Can also lift and turn |(e.g. rattle) for a few moments. Understands |spoken to or pleased about something and will |running of a bath with smiles, “coos” and excited | | |move head to look around. |“cause and effect” (e.g. if a mobile is within |turn head and eyes in the direction from which a|movements. Respond pleasurably to soothing words | | | |reach they can cause it to move. |sound came from. |and nursery rhymes. | |6 |Will turn head to see what is happening around them |Will be exploring the world around them by |Babies will “sing” and “chat” to themselves and |Laughs, giggles and squeals with delight during | |Months |and can sit with support. Can roll over...
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