Understand Child and Young Person Development

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Assignment 023 Understand Child and Young Person Development Task A A1 Table 1: Physical Development

Age Range| Explain the sequence and rate of development | 0-3 months | Babies at birth have learnt to use their reflexes e.g. grasp reflex where a babies puts their fingers round object that has touch the palm of their hand. They are born loads of different reflexes that they do without thinking. At one month babies are less curled up and also start to use the standing and walking reflex where someone holds them up, and they usually make step movements. This can be different for every baby though.| 3-6 months | At this age they have learnt to lift and turn their heads, some with support are able to set up and are able to roll over from their backs to their fronts but this could be different for example an baby might be able to lift both their hands and feet in the air but not yet learnt to roll over. | 6-9 months| Their physical development has grown stronger and a lot more noticeable. They may be starting to crawl and be able to sit up on their own, which encourages them to play as they have learnt to handle toys and are becoming more skilful at touching things which also affects their feed as their able to pick foods up and feed themselves.| 9-12 months| Babies are normally at the verge of walking at this age as they may have learnt to stand up while holding on to furniture to balance themselves and some may be walking by holding on to things. Normally their eyesight as this age has developed to be the same as an adult making them faster, this is sometimes the age you will start to see if a child needs additional support.| 1-2 years| Normally by this age they should of master walking and are moving around much quicker enjoying having more freedom, also climbing and running starts to happen. They are starting to play with sit and ride toys using their legs to push themselves. | 2-4 years | Physical development has increased loads by now and means they will go to extremes to get an object that they would like and are able to move objects around to get things for example chairs. They would also have learnt how to walk up the stairs. At the age of 4 they have become very skill full with their hands and are able to use scissors and other equipment for activities. | 4-7 years | At this age physical are less rapid. They have learnt to have more control of their legs and feet which means they are able to control a ball. They have increased fine manipulative movements. | 7-12 years | They have become more quickly confidant and accurately when using skills which mean more things have become more an easier task for them such as cutting out with scissors. At 9-11 years they have greater coordination and speed when using both fine and large movement. | 12-19 years | At this age they have physically use every skill they would learn. The main changes are now in their body. By the age of 15-16 girls would have finished becoming women and most boys’ puberty with start at 14 and would likely to last 3 years they casually have poor spatial a where-ness as a result of bodies shape quickly.| Shauni Morgan

Shauni Morgan

Table 2: Intellectual and Cognitive development
Age Range | Explain the sequence and rate of development | 0-3 months | Babies are able to recognize their mother’s voice, but this could be different for a premature baby. Babies are able to respond to familiar voices such as they stop crying. At 1 month babies start to look more around them and notice things around them what they haven’t before such as mobiles. | 3-6 months| Babies learn a lot from this age, they picking things up every day....
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