Understand Child and Young Person Development

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CYP CORE 3.1 UNDERSTAND CHILD AND YOUNG PERSON DEVELOPMENT
1.1 EXPLAIN THE SEQUENCE AND RATE OF EACH ASPECT OF DEVELOPMENT FROM BIRTH -19 YEARS.

Physical
Intellectual
Language
Emotional
Social
Spiritual
Physical Development

AGE| |
0-3 MONTHS| * Sleeps much of the time * Tries to lift head * Starts to kick legs and movements gradually become smoother * Starts to wave arms about * Begins to hold objects when placed in hand * Grasp reflex diminishes as hand and eye co-ordination begins to develop * Enjoys finger play * Learns to roll from side to back * Sees best at a distance of 25cm then gradually starts watching objects further away * Needs opportunity to play and exercise (soft toys, cloth books, play mat)| 3-9 MONTHS| * Establishes head control; moves head round to follow people and objects * Begins to sit with support; from about 6 months sits unsupported * Rolls over * May begin to crawl, stand and cruise while holding on to furniture (from about 6 months) * Learns to pull self up to sitting position * Begins to use palmer grasp and transfers objects from one hand to the other * Develops pincer grasp using thumb and index finger (from about 6 months) * Continue to enjoy finger rhymes * Drop things deliberately and searches for hidden/dropped objects (from about 8 months) * Puts objects into containers and takes them out * Enjoy water play in bath * Needs opportunities for play and exercise (board books, bricks, containers, activity centres)| 9-18 MONTHS| * Is now very mobile (crawls, bottom shuffle, cruises and walks) * Starts to go upstairs (with supervision) but has difficulty coming down * Needs safe environment in which to explore as becomes increasingly mobile (safety gates) * Throws toys deliberately * Watches ball roll towards self and pushes it back * Has mature pincer grasp and can scribble with crayons * Points to objects using index finger * Places one or more brick on top of each other to make a small tower * Hold a cup and tries to feed self * Continues to enjoy finger rhymes plus simple action songs * Needs space, materials and opportunities to play alongside other children| 18 MONTHS – 2 YEARS| * Starts to use potty but has difficulty keeping dry * Can feed self * Walks well and tries to run but has difficulty stopping * Comes downstairs with help * Learns to push a pedal less tricycle or sit and ride toy * Tries to throw a ball but has difficulty catching * Bends down to pick things up * Uses several bricks to build tower * Continues to scribble and can do simple jig saw puzzles * Enjoys action songs and rhymes * Needs space, materials and opportunities to play alongside other children| 2 – 3 YEARS| * Uses potty and stays dry more reliably * Comes downstairs in upright position one stair at a time * Starts to climb well on play apparatus * Kicks a ball, learns to jump and may learn to somersault * Learns to pedal a tricycle * Can undress self; tries to dress but needs help, especially with socks and fastenings * Has increased control of crayons and paintbrush; tries to use scissors * Enjoys construction activities and can build more complex structures| 3 – 5 YEARS| * Usually clean and dry but may have the occasional accident * Able to run well and stop * Competent at gross motor skills such as jumping, riding a tricycle, climbing and using a swing * Throws and catches a ball but is still inaccurate * Fine motor skills improve – can use scissors, fork and spoon * Enjoys simple singing and dancing games * Plays co-operatively with other children| 5 – 7 YEARS| * Can dress and undress but may need help with intricate fastenings and shoe laces * More proficient at climbing, running, jumping and balancing * Has some difficulty with hopping and skipping * Improved ball skills but still learning to use a bat * Learning to ride bicycle...
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