To analyze the role and performance of the UN in the past and its relevance in the present day unipolar world.
The UN has completed fifty seven years and apparently seems to be more assertive, confident and visible, both in its approach and actions. The recent manifestations of this confidence have been its interventions in Kuwait, Somalia, Angola, Rwanda, Zaire and Afghanistan. Yet, with the end of the cold war and the emergence of a unipolar world, the UN is under increasing pulls and pressures to play to a single tune.
After the failure of the League of Nations, the necessity of an international organization of wider character was felt. This need was fulfilled with the creation of the UN in 1945.
Since its foundation, the UN has passed through three distinct stages and is now in the fourth stage. These stages are marked by the changing voting pattern in the General Assembly and leadership in the UN. The under mentioned three stages will be discussed in detail:
• The period up to mid 1960’s saw the pre eminence of the US in the UN.
• The period between the mid 1960’s to end of 1980’s witnessed the USSR exploiting the North South divide and US bashing in the General Assembly.
• The period between late 1980’s till break up of the USSR brought the UN back to a position of strength as a world body.
The disintegration of USSR also ended the Cold War and a unipolar world took the place of the bipolar world. The US emerged as the sole super power bringing in a different world order. The replacement of the bipolar world by unipolarism has made the US dominate the world as it is the only super power left on the scene. This is a far more important development for the normal conduct of international relations and for the organization.
Besides the US, Japan, the European Union, China, Russia and India are emerging as center of powers. Thus, the nature of this evolution is such that... [continues]
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