Ultrasonic Radar

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CERTIFICATE

Certified that the work entitled "ULTRASONIC RADAR" has been carried out by HRADESH KUMAR, NITIN SINGHAL, PANKAJ GANGWAR, AKHILESH KUMAR DUBEY AND ADITYA SINGH, under my / our supervision in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Bachelor of Technology in Electronics & Communication Engineering, during the session 2005 - 2009 in JSS Academy of Technical Education Noida, (U.P.), India.

May '2009 Mrs. Sangeeta Mangesh Dept. of Electronics Engineering JSSATE, NOIDA

Prof. Dinesh Chandra

HOD (Electronics Engineering)

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

We wish to express our deep sense of gratitude to Ms. Sangeeta Mangesh and Mr. Atmanand for their invaluable guidance and suggestion at all stage of this work. Their constructive criticism of the approach to the problem and the results obtained during the course of this work has helped us to a great extent in bringing this work to its present shape.

We shall remain indebted to Ms. Chhaya Grover and Mr.Alok Joshi for their valuable suggestion and help.

We thank our classmates and friends who have made useful contribution to this work by way of discussions and suggestions from time to time. We are also extremely thankful to Mr. Vijay Kumar Malik (owner V.K.MICROSYSTEMS) for his valuable help during this work.

Our special thanks are due to Mr.C.J.Dharnesh, and Mr. Surendra Singh Bisht for their assistance in the laboratory work.

Aditya Singh (0109131004) Akhilesh Kumar Dubey (0109131007) Hradesh Kumar (0109131028) Nitin Singhal (0109131043) Pankaj Gangwar (0109131046)

CONTENTS

PART 1: PROJECT INTRODUCTION 5

PART2: PROJECT DEVELOPMENT 7 DEVELOPMENT OF ULTRASONIC RANGE -FINDER

PART2/A: Hardware Design 8 COMPONENT USED 9 CIRCUIT USED 15 • The MCU circuit

• The transmitting circuit
• The receiving circuit
• Power supply circuit
• LCD display circuit
• Resonator circuit

MAIN CIRCUIT

PART2/B: Software design 25 • Introduction of Software Used 26 • Algorithm 37 • Coding 39

PART 3: Background Mathematics 57

PART 4: Precautions 59

PART5: Applications 62

PART6: Results 65

PART7: DATASHEETS/APPENDICES/REFERENCES 66

P A R T -1...
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