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Ulam is a type of salad which includes fresh leaves, fruits and other part of plants which are eaten raw. It is a traditional Malay dish but it is now well accepted by other races. Examples of Ulam include Pegaga, Kacang Botor, Petai and Kemangi. They are rich in mineral ions, vitamins and fibre. Some of the plants are also used in the preparation of herbal medicines and drink.

Ulam was the title of the plants are eaten raw or just dicelur (soaked briefly in hot water) before being eaten with rice . Ulam is usually eaten with condiments such as budu , cencaluk , or sambal belacan , before being eaten with rice . Ulam is known as the main daily meals among the Malays in the villages. Ulam taken from various parts of plants that can be eaten.

Ordinary vegetables can be eaten raw when eaten so alone. These include vegetables such as cucumbers , cabbage and eggplant . In addition to the regular vegetables, there is another group of vegetables is a traditional side dish. Ulam traditionally more widely used, including use as an ordinary salad, as in the preparation of dishes such as nasi ulam or nasi kerabu and cooking vegetable fats , and as medical materials such asdiabetes or high blood pressure

Ulam also play an important role in the treatment of Malay and Western medical researchers now experts also recognize the benefits of good salads in addition to the body. For example, pennywort is now recognized by the World Health Organization (WHO) as an herbal generate thinking skills in young children than to help blood circulation and improve the health of the skin .

Ulam soaking alkaloid compound contains a laxative that could provide a stimulus to urinate. Besides soaking can be an effective cure patients with diabetes mellitus should be continued with a bit rate. This is because the content of a compound of the alkaloid in it is able to neutralize the content of sugar in the body. Leaf kaduk also contains calcium which is needed by the body height to strengthen bones and prevent the disease osteoporosis , especially among women.

Example of ulam

Kemangi (ocimum sanctum)
is an aromatic plant in the family Lamiaceae which is native throughout the Old World tropics and widespread as a cultivated plant and an escaped weed.[1] It is an erect, much branched subshrub 30–60 cm tall with hairy stems and simple opposite green leaves that are strongly scented. Leaves have petioles, and are ovate, up to 5 cm long, usually slightly toothed. Flowers are purplish in elongate racemes in close whorls.[2] There are two main morphotypes cultivated in India—green-leaved (Sri or Lakshmi tulsi) and purple-leaved (Krishna tulsi).[3] Tulsi is cultivated for religious and medicinal purposes, and for its essential oil. It is widely known across South Asia as a medicinal plant and an herbal tea, commonly used in Ayurveda, and has an important role within the Vaishnavite tradition of Hinduism, in which devotees perform worship involving tulsi plants or leaves.

Medical Uses
One study showed Ocimum Sanctum to be an effective treatment for diabetes by reducing blood glucose levels.[7] The same study showed significant reduction in total cholesterol levels with Ocimum Sanctum. Another study showed that Ocimum Sanctum beneficial effect on blood glucose levels is due to its antioxidant properties.[8]Ocimum Sactum also shows some promise for protection from radiation poisoning[9] and cataracts.[10] The fixed oil has demonstrated anti-hyperlipidemic andcardioprotective effects in rats fed a high fat diet[11]

Chemical Constituents
The leaves and flowers contains a volatile oil 0.1 to 0.23%. It contains fenile 45 to 73% and aldehydes 15 to 25%. Seeds contain stable oil 17.8%. Besides, this plant contains alkaloid, glycosides and tannins. Leaves possess ascorbic acid and carotene.

It is found throughout India.
It has no toxic effect when consumed in normal dosage
Plant part...
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