Uganda

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This report will examine the child soldier situation in Uganda. Child abuse is strongly present in Uganda. The act of using child soldiers to protect your beliefs or a country is considered a strong reprehensible form of child abuse. Presently in Uganda, there are approximately 30,000 child soldiers. These children are abducted from their homes and schools to become child soldiers. These child soldiers mutate other people’s faces and are commanded to kill their own parents. They are forced to commit crimes making them a victim and a victimizer.

There are clearly numerous injustices taking place in Uganda with respect to the use of child soldiers. For instance, Joseph Kony is now a household name in most homes in North America, who was made famous in 2012 by Jason Russel and Invisible Children. He is the most known offender for use of child soldiers since 1986. In 1987, Joseph Kony formed the Lord’s Resistance Army, L.R.A. The L.R.A started off as a resistance army to overthrow the Uganda government. Joseph Kony took control of the L.R.A and decided to focus more on gaining strength. The army began to massacre villages to capture the child able to carry and shoot guns. The other villagers were brutally tortured by getting there ears, lips and tongues cut off sending a message to the country. These child soldiers are used as sex slaves, made to work as slaves and become a soldier in the growing L.R.A. Joseph has been condoning this behaviour for approximately 20 years but the act of child soldiers in Uganda has been on going for a much longer period of time. Some of the children who become child soldiers attempt to run free. These children are called the “night walkers”. These “night walkers” are children who attempt to escape the L.R.A’s control by running during the night and hiding during the day.

Many children in Uganda are having their universal human rights denied. In 2005, world leaders came together, and anonymously voted to uphold the responsibility to protect the rights of every single child. The L.R.A. have denied the child’s rights on a massive scale. Over 30,000 children have been taken from their homes and forced into a life that they didn’t deserve. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights is “a common standard of achievement for all people and all nations.”[1] L.R.A.’s use of child soldiers is in violation of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The specific rights of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights that the L.R.A. have denied are as followed: Article 1 states that “All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights.”[2] Article 4 states that “No one shall be held in slavery or servitude; slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms.”[3] Article 5 states that “No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.”[4] Article 13 states that “(1) Everyone has the right to freedom of movement and residence within the borders of each state. (2) Everyone has the right to leave any country, including his own, and to return to his country.”[5] Article 24 states that “Everyone has the right to rest and leisure, including reasonable limitation of working hours and periodic holidays with pay.” [6] All these Articles of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights have been violated by the L.R.A. because the child soldier is forced to kill and sometimes rape their entire family in order for them to become a child soldier. This denies the child the right to not be subjected to cruel and unusual punishment as stated in Article 5. The L.R.A. forces the child soldier to become a slave to their army which clearly violates Article 4. The L.R.A. violates Article 13 by forcing the child to stay with them at all times and threaten to hunt them down if they leave the army. The L.R.A. further violates the Declaration under Section 24 as there are no limits on how long the child soldier works each day.

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