Ubuntu is a complete desktop Linux operating system, freely available with both community and professional support. The Ubuntu community is built on the ideas enshrined in the Ubuntu Manifesto: that software should be available free of charge, that software tools should be usable by people in their local language and despite any disabilities, and that people should have the freedom to customize and alter their software in whatever way they see fit. 1. System Requirements
Before installing Ubuntu, you should also check your computer against the hardware requirements. The system requirements for Ubuntu are as follows: * 700 MHz or better processor
* 3GB of available disk space
* 256MB of memory (RAM)
* CD-ROM drive
* Ethernet interface
* VGA graphics interface
2. Installing Linux Ubuntu
Ubuntu 9.10, also known as the Karmic Koala, arrived exactly on October 29, 2009 and is the eleventh release of Ubuntu OS. We've created the following tutorial to teach Linux newcomers how to install the Ubuntu 9.10 operating system on their personal computer. Therefore, it is addressed to people who have just heard about Ubuntu, those who have never installed Ubuntu before and want to test it, but don't know how.
The tutorial will make things very simple for you, but if you get stuck somewhere in the middle of the installation and you need help, do not hesitate to use our commenting system at the end of the article!
You will need the Ubuntu 9.10 Desktop ISO image that corresponds to your hardware architecture (i386 or amd64), and which can be downloaded from the internet. When the download is over, burn the ISO image with your favorite CD/DVD burning application (Nero, CDBurnerXP, Roxio) on a blank CD at 8x speed.
Reinsert or leave the CD in your CD/DVD-ROM device and reboot the computer in order to boot from the CD. Hit the F8, F11 or F12 key (depending on your BIOS) to select the CD/DVD-ROM as the boot device.
Select your language when asked...
Select the second option "Install Ubuntu," and hit the "Enter" key... |
Wait for the CD to load into RAM...
You will see the wallpaper for a few seconds. When the installer appears, you will be able to select your native language for the entire installation process. Click the "Forward" button to continue... |
The second screen will feature a map of the Earth. Upon the selection of your current location, the time for the final system will adjust accordingly. You can also select your current location from the drop down list situated at the bottom of the window. Click the "Forward" button after you have selected your desired location... |
On the third screen, you will be able to choose a desired keyboard layout. But the default automatic selection should work for most of you. Click the "Forward" button when you have finished with the keyboard configuration... |
You have four options here:
1. If you have another operating system (e.g. Windows XP) and you want a dual boot system, select the first option: "Install them side by side, choosing between them at each startup." |
Editor's Note: This option will ONLY appear if you have another operating system installed, such as Microsoft Windows. Remember that, after the installation, the Windows boot loader will be overwritten by the Ubuntu boot loader!
2. If you want to delete your existing operating system, or the hard drive is already empty and you want to let the installer automatically partition the hard drive for you, select the second option, "Use the entire disk." |
Editor's Note: This option is recommended for most users who do not have another operating system installed or who want to erase an existing one, for example Windows OS.
3. The third choice is "Use the largest continuous free space" and it will install Ubuntu 9.10 in the...