Uae Facts

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UAE Facts

The United Arab Emirates (UAE) was formed as a federation of seven emirates (Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Sharjah, Ajman, Ras Al Khaimah, Fujairah, Umm Al Quwain), which came together as one state on the 2nd of December 1971. The federal capital of UAE is Abu Dhabi and it is ruled by the President of the UAE, Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan

UAE Timeline

1760

The Baniyas Tribe finds fresh water on the island of Abu Dhabi and decides to settle there.

1790

The Old Fort is built (also known as the White Fort).

1820

Britain and local rulers sign a treaty to combat piracy along the Gulf coast. From this, and later agreements, the area becomes known as the Trucial Coast.

1892

Deal between the Trucial States and Britain gives Britain control over foreign affairs and each emirate control over internal affairs.

1948

Sheikh Saqr Bin Muhammad Al Qasimi becomes Ruler of Ras Al Khaimah.

1950

Oil is discovered.

1952

The seven emirates form a Trucial Council.

1958

Oil production begins on Das Island.

1961

Abu Dhabi’s first paved road is constructed.

1962

Oil is exported for the first time from Abu Dhabi.

1966

Sheikh Zayed Bin Sultan Al Nahyan takes over as Ruler of Abu Dhabi and Dubai struck oil.

1968

As independence looms, Bahrain and Qatar join the Trucial States. Differences cause the union to crumble in 1971.

1971

Britain withdraws from the Gulf. The UAE joins the Arab League. Iran occupies the islands of Greater and Lesser Tunb and Abu Musa.

1972

Ras Al Khaimah joins the federation. Sheikh Sultan Bin Muhammad Al Qasimi becomes Ruler of Sharjah. Federal National Council (FNC) is created; it is a 40 member consultative body appointed by the seven rulers.

1973

The UAE launches a single currency, the UAE dirham.

1974

Sheikh Hamad Bin Muhammad Bin Hamad Al Sharqi becomes Ruler of Fujairah.

1981

UAE is a founding member of the Gulf Cooperation Council; its first summit is held in Abu Dhabi. Sheikh Rashid Bin Ahmad Al Mualla becomes Ruler of Umm Al Quwain. Sheikh Humaid Bin Rashid Al Nuaymi becomes Ruler of Ajman.

1986

Sheikh Zayed Bin Sultan Al Nahyan is re-elected as UAE president for his fourth term. Abu Dhabi Duty Free opens.

1987

Attempted coup in Sharjah. Sheikh Sultan Bin Muhammad Al Qasimi abdicates in favour of his brother after admitting financial mismanagement but is reinstated by the Supreme Council of Rulers.

1990

Sheikh Rashid Bin Said Al Maktoum dies and is succeeded by his son Sheikh Maktoum Bin Rashid Al Maktoum as ruler of Dubai and UAE vice-president.

1991

UAE forces join the allies against Iraq after the invasion of Kuwait.

1992

Iran angers the UAE by saying visitors to Abu Musa and Greater and Lesser Tunb must have Iranian visas.

1996

Iran fuels the dispute over Abu Musa and Greater and Lesser Tunb by building an airport on Abu Musa and a power station on Greater Tunb.

1998

UAE restores diplomatic relations with Iraq; they were severed at the outbreak of the 1991 Gulf War.

1999

Gulf Cooperation Council backs the UAE in its dispute with Iran over Greater and Lesser Tunb and Abu Musa.

2003

Etihad, Abu Dhabi’s official airline, is launched.

2004

Sheikh Zayed Bin Sultan Al Nahyan dies and is succeeded as ruler of the UAE by his son, Sheikh Khalifa Bin Zayed Al Nahyan. Emirates Palace Hotel opens in Abu Dhabi.

2005

Sheikh Khalifa announces plans for the UAE's first elections. Half of the members of the consultative Federal National Council will be elected by a limited number of citizens.

2006

Sheikh Maktoum Bin Rashid Al Maktoum, UAE PM and vice-president and ruler of Dubai, dies during a visit to Australia. He is succeeded by his brother, Sheikh Mohammed Bin...
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