Types of the Author’s Narrative in Modern English Prose

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Introduction

Nowadays an increasing interest is attached to the different types of narratives. The analysis of the types of author’s narrative in the works of modern English novelists allows us to penetrate into the inner world of the author and to define the language structures that are used to create the text itself.

The types of the author’s narratives have not yet been exhausted in linguistic studies. The urgency of the author’s narrative has been accentuated in the publications of well-known researchers. Among them we should mention V.A. Kyharenko (9, 21), I. R. Galperin (18, 4) and B. Shklovskij (16). In our research we have used the classification suggested by this scholar.

The works of such critics have been useful for our research: K.A. Shahova (14, 15), V.V. Ivasheva (8), G.V. Anikin (1, 2), J.V. Pokalchyk (12), M. Mendelson (10), T.N. Denisova (5, 6).
A noted contribution into this problem has been made by such foreign researchers as F. W. Bateson (17), Irene Rima Makaryk (22), Andrew Haggerty (19), Charles J. Shields (24). The aim of our research is to study the types of the author’s narrative which greatly influence the structure of novels. The concrete tasks of the investigation are the following:

1. to analyze the types of the author’s narratives in various works of modern fiction; 2. to find examples of modern literary process and to analyze their features; 3. to define the specific use of language units in different types of novels; The object of the investigation is the author’s point of view in the course of creating the text of the novel and different types of the author’s narrative in it. The material of our investigation are the selected novels of John Anthony Burgess Wilson (27), Harper Lee (20), Jerome David Salinger (23), John Robert Fowles (28), Winston Groom (30) and the comparison of these novels with an example of the traditional author’s narrative in the novels of John Galsworthy (29). The urgency of the research emanates from the necessity of further investigations of the types of the author’s narratives in modern English prose, as the contemporary literary process is greatly influenced by the development and the use of various types of the author's narrative. The scientific novelty follows from the absence of special studies of the types of the author’s narratives in the framework of modern English prose. In the course of the investigation the following methods of research have been used: biographical method, comparative-historical method and narrative method.

Chapter I

Modern English literature. The most renowned novelists of the period

The most important part of the culture of any nation is literature which opens the world of tradition, national mentality and life for us. The English literature belongs to the most powerful ones in the world. Speaking about the literature of Great Britain, we could not but mention such famous writers, poets as William Shakespeare, Jonathan Swift, George Gordon Byron, Percy Bysshe Shelley, Walter Scott, Charles Dickens, Oscar Wilde, Bernard Shaw and many others. It is hard to imagine the world of literature without these names, without the heroes of our favorite novels, without those good thoughts and feelings that seize upon us while reading the novels, plays and poems of English writers. According to Anikin: “The English literature is one of the richest literatures of the world which gave us such names as Chaucer, Shakespeare, Defoe, Byron, Dickens, Shaw and many other novelists, playwrights, poets. Their works, which reflect the peculiarities of their time and convey the thoughts and feelings of their contemporaries, are all associated with a particular period. But heritages of national cultures do not lose their importance for the following ages and generations as well. The ideological and artistic value of the works of great writers is enormous”. (1, 4) The English literature has had a long history of development, inherent to...
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