TYPES OF MANAGERS AND MANAGEMENT STYLES
Mircea T.POP1, Delia POP1 1 University of Oradea, Departament of System Engineering e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com Key words: manager, management styles, responsibility
In any type of business, the manager is the person who ensures the accomplishment of the organizational goals by planning, organizing, leading, involving and controlling the entire activity, as well as by goal-oriented work. Basically, managers are people who lead their companies to the final achievement of the desired goals using the adequate means and decisions. The position of manager involves several typical managerial activities within an organization and presents some special features that distinguish it from other jobs. Thus, a manager’s activity is closely related to the current political and economical trend in our society. Also, getting a job as a manager is not very common, as while most of the jobs are a matter of personal choice at a certain moment, a manager’s career is built using a specialized mechanism of selection, recruitment, training and promotion. Another characteristic is related to the duration of a manager’s career: few cases can be mentioned of managerial positions covering the entire career of a person, situation which is quite common with other jobs. The managerial activity is a rational one, requiring task achievement, following a logical order and economic principles, relying on a decisional and information system, etc… All these elements are implemented by managers depending on their personal traits: physical qualities, personality traits (temperament, aptitudes, attitudes, flexibility and behaviour), professional knowledge and last but not least, the personal motivation which led to the choice of this position. Given the above-mentioned elements, a manager’s personal traits and his/her actions are reflected in the management style s/he adopts. A management style is always mostly influenced by the manager’s behaviour. Due to their variety, management styles have been classified by specialists using a series of criteria, as follows: 1. attitude toward responsibility; 2. authority used by the manager; 3. organizational initiative and consideration for the workforce; 4. concern for production and employees; 5. concern for production, employees and efficiency; 6. types of motivations, communication characteristics, nature of cooperation and decision-making strategy. For a better understanding of what is a management style, next we will present different such styles according to the above-mentioned criteria. 1. The attitude toward responsibility is the first classification criterion and encompasses the following management styles: a) repulsive style – characterized by the propensity to refuse being promoted to managerial positions. Also, it immoderately relies on the subordinates` independence. Under particular circumstances, s/he can adopt imprudent and inefficient solutions. Generally, managers who adopt this repulsive style hide some kind of inferiority complex, in other words, they almost completely mistrust their own forces. Their desire 2604
ANNALS of the ORADEA UNIVERSITY. Fascicle of Management and Technological Engineering, Volume VII (XVII), 2008
to avoid responsibilities could explain their refuse to accept managerial positions, as well as the hasty decision-making when they are circumstantially forced to take such a job. The hasty decision-making adopted by these managers could reduce the tension triggered by the uncertainty preceding any decision-making stage. 2. authoritarian style – adopted by managers hunting managerial positions. These persons are very active and dynamic, creating a work environment characterized by tension and conflicts. They generally have a wonderful opinion about themselves, with a high self-confidence, strongly believing...