Adventure tourism is a type of niche tourism involving exploration or travel to remote areas, where the traveler should expect the unexpected such as Mountaineering expeditions, trekking, bungee jumping, rafting and rock climbing etc. Generally, the adventure tourism can be classified into three types -: 1.Land based adventure tourism-The land based adventure tourism are sports activities which are done on land & are generally mountain based. Trekking, Mountaineering, Skiing, Heliskiing, Rock climbing, Mountain biking are some examples of this type of tourism.
Figure Showing Mountaineering (Top) and Skiing (Below)
Figure showing Heli-Skiing (Top); Rock-climbing (left) & Mountain biking (right) 1.Water based adventure tourism –The water based adventure tourism require water bodies such as seas , rivers, dam reservoirs, lakes, waterfalls, glacial lakes etc and is white water oriented or flat water based. White water rafting, Kayaking, Canoeing, water skiing, wind surfing, surfing, parasailing, snorkelling; scuba diving are some examples of this type of tourism.
White water rafting (left) & kayaking (right)
Canoeing (left) & water skiing (right)
Wind Surfing (left) & Surfing (right)
Parasailing (left) & Snorkelling (right)
2.Aero based adventure tourism –Aero based or air based tourism utilizes the open skies for adventure activities & generally utilize the force provided by the air. Ballooning, Parachute Jumping, Sky Diving, Paragliding, Parasailing, Hang-gliding, Bungee Jumping are some examples of Aero based tourism.
Ballooning (left) & Parachute jumping (right).
Paragliding (left) & Sky Diving (right).
Hang-gliding (left) & Bungee jumping (right).
The term derived from the Afrikaans word trek (noun), trekken (verb), (literally meaning to "pull, travel"), became a word in English language in mid 19th century, and means a long arduous journey, typically on foot.
Figure –Shows the mountaineous Trek
Trek is a long, adventurous journey undertaken on foot in areas where common means of transport is generally not available. Trekking should not be confused with mountaineering. It is famous sport, in the vast amphitheatre of the Indian Himalayas and Karakorams, offering limitless possibilities for trekking tours. In India, trekking is very popular among youth (15-30 years) and practised at different levels (easy, moderate and hard i.e. demanding). Generally trekking involves normal fitness level, without the use of much sophisticated equipments and also involves minimum budget level. The gear of trekking should generally include the following items such as backpack, pair of boots,coat,water bottle, food that would last you during your entire excavation, first aid kit, flashlight,sunscreen,sunglasses, map and friend or companion, never climb alone. Figure –Shows the Trekking Equipment
Trekking also involves camping & involvement of guide, escort & porters for long treks of many Jammu & Kashmir -The State has a visibly varied terrain and offers spectacular contrasts in nature, with its alpine pastures in Kashmir and barren wastelands & rugged wastelands in Ladakh. Treks can be set for a week or even for a day and the ideal trekking months spread from May to October. Most treks in Kashmir have lakes as their focus and your companions would be the nomadic shepherds (Gujjars). Ladakh offers tougher treks with true rugged Himalayan adventure amid lofty peaks and endless glaciers. Equipment can be hired from the J&K Tourism Hire Shops at Srinagar & various places, while officers at resorts provide guidance to trekkers. Treks in Kashmir
Srinagar -Aharbal-Kungwattan-Mahinag-Kounsarnag (4 Days) Pahalgam-Chandarwar-Sheshnag-Amarnath Cave-Sonamarg-Sgr (4 days) Pahalgam-Aru-Lidderwat-Kolahoi Glacier-Khemsar-Sonamrg-Sgr (4 days) ...