Type II Diabetes Mellitus in Hispanic Americans
Diabetes Mellitus is a systemic metabolic disease caused by poor production of insulin by our pancreas or insulin resistance. The lack of insulin causes an increase of circulating blood glucose affecting multiple organs in our bodies. There are two types of diabetes mellitus, type I and II. Type I diabetes occurs when the body’s immune system destroys pancreatic beta cells, these are the only cells that produce insulin in our body. Insulin is a hormone that regulates the amount of glucose circulating in our blood. Type I diabetes is known to affect children and young adults, this is why it is commonly called juvenile diabetes. Those affected with this type of diabetes need daily doses of insulin delivered by injection or a pump for the rest of their lives, in order to survive, for no insulin is produced by their pancreas. Type II diabetes is the most common form of the disease and was previously called non-insulin dependent diabetes or adult onset diabetes. This type of diabetes accounts for approximately 90% of the cases of this disease in the United States. Hispanics are one of the ethnic groups in the United States who are at greater risk of developing this systemic disease. This form of diabetes usually begins as insulin resistance, this is when cells in our body do not use insulin properly. Eventually the need for insulin rises, causing the pancreas to lose its ability to produce insulin, triggering the onset of the disease. There are classic symptoms associated with diabetes, these are; polyuria ,which is an increase in the frequency of urination, polydipsia, which is an increase in thirst, poliphagia, which is an increase in appetite and weight loss. There are also other symptoms associated with diabetes, these include: fatigue, blurry vision, peripheral neuropathy, and vaginal infections. Most people might have no symptoms at all, particular during the first few years of the...
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