Type 2 Diabetes

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Diagnosis and Treatment Guidelines for Type II Diabetes

Type II diabetes is a severe form of diabetes caused by inadequate production of insulin and resulting in anomalous metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins. Diabetes usually appears in children and slowly progresses by the increase of sugar levels in the blood stream and urine. Facts show that 90%-95% of people with diabetes have type II diabetes (ADA, 2006). This is usually caused by lack of nutrition or inactivity. Type II diabetes is usually found in adults because children start out with Type I.

To lead up to the diagnosis of having type II diabetes, some things need to be occurring within the body. The body is going through insulin resistance, which is when the body does not respond to the insulin being released by the pancreas (ADA, 2006). The body will also be going through hyperglycemia, which means that there are abnormally high levels of sugar in the blood, leading up to the point where glucose cannot be taken into the muscle by insulin. Some symptoms of diabetes are increased thirst, decrease in energy, fatigue, slow healing wounds, blurred, vision, and frequent urination(ADA, 2006). The body feels weak because the glucose in the blood is not being transported to cells for energy use. In order to discover whether one has diabetes he or she must go through a test. Some of the most common tests for diagnosis are the FPG (fasting plasma glucose) test, Random plasma glucose test, IGTT (intravenous glucose tolerance) test, and OGTT (oral glucose tolerance) test(Meyer, 2004). Getting checked for diabetes is a positive thing because it determines how quickly glucose is cleared from the blood and measures the body’s ability to handle glucose. It is also very important to get tested because statistics show that one-third of type II diagnosis cases go undiagnosed(Medline plus). Diabetes also brings along damage to the body other than the symptoms. Heart/ Cardiovascular disease,...
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