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Type 1 Diabetes

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  • July 21, 2007
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Many of us know someone with diabetes but most of us don't know what

the dieses is. Well, diabetes is when your body makes too much or too little

insulin. Type one (juvenile/insulin dependent) diabetes is when your body does

not make any insulin. The world is still looking for a cure.

Type one diabetes is a condition in which the patient has high blood glucose

levels that are caused by an extreme lack of insulin. This is caused when the

body's immune system attacks the insulin- producing cells and destroys them.

You need insulin to move the glucose, a sugar found in food, to the cells where

they use it as energy. Insulin acts as a key allowing the glucose to get into the

"locked door" the cells. This disease is most often found in Caucasians and is

diagnosed in young individuals(12 and under). The individual with diabetes

usually has a genetic predisposition to get this disease and the disease will continue

to be passed on through generations. The symptoms of type one diabetes include

losing weight rapidly, being very tired and hungry, dehydration, and vomiting.

This type of diabetes can be treated with insulin shots or by using an insulin pump.

It is monitored by a finger stick glucose test which is done around two to three

times a day, and also blood tests, urine tests, foot and skin exams, and eye exams.

In addition to insulin, individuals need to exercise and follow a healthy eating

plan. There are many complications to this disease including arteriosclerosis

(impaired blood circulation), strokes, low blood pressure, bacterial infections of

the skin, damage to the kidneys that will lead to kidney failure, fungal infections,

damage to nerves, blindness, and many other infections. Coma or death may also

occur.

Insulin was discovered in 1921 by two young Canadians working in a

laboratory. There are more than twenty different kinds of insulin and all...