The Two Sides to Animal Testing
Animal experimentation is a highly controversial subject throughout the world and in the 20th century the public has become increasingly aware of the two sides to animal testing. The earliest dated animal testing can be traced back to 384-322 BCE and it is still a common practice to this day. There are a few disagreements that are highly debated about animal experimentation such as the importance of the testing for scientific and medical goals, the suffering of the animals, and the ethical principles that apply to animals. Both sides of animal experimentation have their reasons and facts for why animal testing is ethical or unethical, but it comes down to the amount of pain the animals suffers and if it is morally correct.
Many people argue that animal testing is morally correct because it is necessary in order for science to evolve and to protect human health. Psychologist like Ivan Pavlov and Harry Harlow used animal testing and discovered critical knowledge of development and the human brain. Without these animal experimentations, a lot would still be unanswered about the way the human brain functions. The Institute for Laboratory Animal Research of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences thinks virtually every medical achievement in the 20th century has had to use animal testing in some form. This is because even with all the highly sophisticated technology, nothing can model the exact interactions between molecules, cells, tissues, organs, and organisms, which makes animal testing a necessity in many cases. Suppporters of animal testing say that these advances are critical, and that without animal test subjects the advances would not occur, would require human testing, or would result in untested products being offered to the public without being fully researched. Opposite of what The Institute for Laboratory Animal Research of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences thinks, organizations such as PETA and BUAV think that...
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