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Literature: Reading, Reacting, Writing, 5th Edition

Laurie Kirszner and Stephen Mandell

Table of Contents

Preface

1. Understanding Literature

Imaginative Literature
Conventional Themes
The Literary Canon

Luisa Valenzuela, “All about Suicide”
Wole Soyinka, “Telephone Conversation”

Thinking Critically
Interpreting Literature
Evaluating Literature
The Function of Literary Criticism

Checklist: Evaluating Literary Criticism

2. Reading and Writing About Literature

Reading Literature
Previewing
Highlighting
Checklist: Using Highlighting Symbols

Maya Angelou, “My Arkansas”

Annotating

Writing About Literature
Planning an Essay
Considering your Audience
Understanding Your Purpose
Writing To Respond
Writing To Interpret
Writing To Evaluate
Choosing a Topic
Finding Something to Say
Brainstorming
Keeping a Journal
Seeing Connections: Listing
Deciding on a Thesis
Preparing an Outline
Drafting an Essay
Revising and Editing an Essay
Strategies for Revision
The Revision Process
Thesis Statement
Support
Topic Sentences
Introductions and Conclusions
Sentences and Words
Using and Documenting Sources
Checklist: Using Sources
Checklist: Conventions for Writing About Literature
Exercise: Two Student Papers

Student Paper: “Initiation into Adulthood”
Student Paper: “Hard Choices”

FICTION

3. Understanding Fiction

Defining Fiction

The Short Story

Gary Gildner, “Sleepytime Gal”
Margaret Atwood, “Happy Endings”
*Jonathan Safran Foer, “A Primer for the Punctuation of Heart Disease “

A Final Note

4. Reading and Writing About Fiction

Reading Fiction
Active Reading

Alberto Alvaro Ríos, The Secret Lion

Previewing
Highlighting and Annotating
Writing About Fiction
Planning an Essay
Choosing a Topic
Finding Something to Say
Brainstorming
Seeing Connections
Listing
Deciding on a Thesis
Preparing an Outline
Drafting an Essay

Student Paper: Symbols in “The Secret Lion” First Draft

First Draft Commentary
Revising and Editing an Essay

Student Paper: Symbols in “The Secret Lion” Second Draft

Second Draft Commentary

Student Paper: Symbols in “The Secret Lion” Final Draft

Final Draft Commentary

5. Plot

Conflict
Stages of Plot
Order and Sequence
A Final Note

Checklist: Writing about Plot

Kate Chopin, “The Story of an Hour”
Nadine Gordimer, “Once upon a Time”
*Stephen Dobyns, “Kansas”
William Faulkner, “A Rose for Emily”
Lorrie Moore, “How to Talk to Your Mother (Notes)”

Writing Suggestions: Plot

6. Character

Round and Flat Characters
Dynamic and Static Characters
Motivation
Checklist: Writing About Character

John Updike, “A & P”
Katherine Mansfield, "Miss Brill"
Charles Baxter, “Gryphon”
*Jhumpa Lahiri, “The Third and Final Continent”
*Mary Ladd Gavell, “The Swing”

Writing Suggestions: Character

7. Setting

Historical Setting
Geographical Setting
Physical Setting
Checklist: Writing About Setting

Kate Chopin, The Storm
Sherman Alexie, This Is What It Means to Say Phoenix, Arizona *Ralph Ellison, Battle Royal
Tillie Olsen, I Stand Here Ironing
*Pam Houston, Cowboys Are My Weakness

Writing Suggestions: Setting

8. Point of View

First Person Narrator
Unreliable Narrators
Third Person Narrator
Omniscient
Limited Omniscient
Objective
Selecting an Appropriate Point of View
Limited Omniscient Point of View
First-Person Point of View (Child)
First-Person Point of View (Adult)
Omniscient Point of View
Selecting An Appropriate Point of View: Review
Checklist: Writing about Point of View

*Bessie Head, Looking for a Rain God
Edgar Allen Poe, The Cask of Amontillado
Richard Wright, Big Black Good Man
*Gish Jen, Chin
William Faulkner, Barn Burning

Writing Suggestions: Point of View

9. Style, Tone, and Language

Style and Tone
The Uses of Language
Formal and Informal...
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