Positive liberty, on the other hand, is, not freedom from coercion, but freedom to determine one's own destiny: it is self-determination. In this sense positive liberty is a necessary condition of human being, right to choose, right to determine ones behavior. Berlin maintains that the negative and positive concepts of liberty are "at no great logical distance from each other," but in reality they are profoundly divergent, in fact irreconcilable, so much so that positive liberty threatens negative liberty, leading to the possibility of despotism in the name of freedom (131-132) The threat of despotism lies in the reductionist and ultra-rationalistic accounts of human nature, which turns the concept of positive liberty into a tyranny of alleged "rational" over so-called "irrational" and consequently leads even to the restriction of negative liberty. Therefore Berlin, proposes rejection of positive liberty for the preservation of relatively safe negative notion of liberty.... [continues]
Cite This Essay
(2002, 11). Two Conceptions of Freedom or Two Appearances of a Single Conception?. StudyMode.com. Retrieved 11, 2002, from http://www.studymode.com/essays/Two-Conceptions-Freedom-Two-Appearances-Single-44289.html
"Two Conceptions of Freedom or Two Appearances of a Single Conception?" StudyMode.com. 11 2002. 11 2002 <http://www.studymode.com/essays/Two-Conceptions-Freedom-Two-Appearances-Single-44289.html>.
"Two Conceptions of Freedom or Two Appearances of a Single Conception?." StudyMode.com. 11, 2002. Accessed 11, 2002. http://www.studymode.com/essays/Two-Conceptions-Freedom-Two-Appearances-Single-44289.html.