Tuskegee Airmen

Topics: African American, World War II, Black people Pages: 5 (2020 words) Published: November 8, 2012
Tuskegee Airmen
Many historical things happened in War World II, but when I think about who had an impact on the Civil Rights Movement I think of Tuskegee Airmen. The story is not just about the first African American military pilots to serve during WWII, it was significant because they took the issue of race to a new level by asserting the ability of African Americans to contribute to the war. The story is one of the country's shining examples of human spirit, courage and enduring determination. African Americans were excluded from opportunities and victories; they also have been forced to deal with prejudice and mistreatment. This attitude towards blacks has been highly enforced in the armed forces as well as public places. In striving to show their devotion, the Tuskegee Airmen’s victories led not just to the success of African Americans in the Air Force but also political contributions to American Society. Ultimately, their success in World War II was a major factor leading to the Civil Rights movement which eventually improved blacks standing in American society. In the 1930s, America was dealing with the Depression, segregation, and racism. These issues made it difficult for Negro pilots to find jobs. But in 1939, about 20 Negro pilots came together and formed the National Airmen's Association. They hoped to change the policies that limited their options as pilots by gaining public attention. For many African Americans, the war offered an opportunity to get out of poverty. Blacks joined the military in large numbers, so they could escape a decade of depression and tenant farming in the South and Midwest. Yet, like the rest of America in the 1940s, the armed forces were segregated. During World War II, African Americans in many U.S. states still were subject to the Jim Crow laws. The American military was racially segregated, as was much of the federal government. The U.S government would not allow their armed forced to become integrated because they considered blacks, lazy, and unable to comprehend the strategic plans during wartime. The Tuskegee Institute was founded by Booker T. Washington in the 1880s in Tuskegee, Alabama. This was established to educate African Americans; which was the center for black aviation during World War II and home to the Tuskegee Airmen. The few African Americans who learned to fly in the early 1900s were self-taught or trained overseas. In 1939, the U.S government passed the Civilian Pilot Training Act, which authorized selected schools, including the Tuskegee Institute, to provide basic training for black pilots in case of a national emergency. The following year, Tuskegee was authorized to teach advanced civilian pilot training courses. With the outbreak of World War II the U.S. military chose the Tuskegee Institute to train pilots for the war effort because Tuskegee had the facilities, engineering and technical instructors and a climate well suited for year round flying. The Tuskegee Airmen were the first African-American military aviators in the United States armed forces. The Tuskegee Airmen were subjected to racial discrimination, both within and outside the army. A lot racist people that did not want them to succeed, but they did more than just succeed. Despite these adversities, they trained and flew with distinction. Since early American military history, blacks have always been involved in defending our country. However, they were never really given full credit and recognition for their hard work. Not only were they unrecognized, but they were required to serve in all black units. It all started when President Roosevelt arranged a meeting in September 1940 with three African-American leaders and members of the Army and Navy. During the meeting, the leaders emphasized three points: equal opportunity for jobs in the defense industry, impartial administration of the new draft law, and an opportunity for qualified blacks to learn to fly in desegregated units. A few days later...
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • The Tuskegee Airmen Research Paper
  • Tuskegee airmen Essay
  • Essay about The Tuskegee Airmen
  • Essay on tuskegee airmen
  • Tuskegee Airmen Essay
  • Essay on Tuskegee Airmen
  • Tuskegee Essay
  • Essay about The Tuskegee Study

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free