Dr. Donna Reeves
January 25, 2013
In this paper I will identify two major historical turning points in the period from 1865-1900. I will analyze the impact that these turning had on America’s current society, economy, politics, and culture. I will describe two ways the Reconstitution period may have been affected if President Lincoln had not been assassinated. Finally, I will give examples of how the federal and/or state courts and legislature passed down laws between 1865-1900 that served to discriminate against non-white citizens and immigrants.
The assassination of President Lincoln was one major historical turning point. Due to the assassination of President Lincoln, Andrew Jackson was left to be president. Andrew Jackson was a southerner with no college education. He was also a former slave owner. It is believed that President Lincoln would have been able to control the Radical Republicans. Because Andrew Jackson was a southerner the Radical Republicans hated him before he took office. Politics where affected by the Assassination of Lincoln because the Radical Republicans led congress. Due to the hold that the Radical Republicans had on congress they were able to pass several new laws. The Radical Republicans almost immediately passed the 13th Amendment and the 14th Amendment. (The Social Studies Help Center , n.d.)
A second historical turning point is the invention of the Transcontinental Railroad. The Transcontinental Railroad started construction in the 1860’s. This allowed the first freight train to travel from California to the East Coast. There were 690 miles of tracks laid by the Central Pacific, which started in Sacramento. The Union Pacific laid 1,087 miles of track, which began in Omaha. In Promontory Summit, Utah these lines were joined together. (The First Transcontinental Railroad. , n.d.)
The creation of the Transcontinental Railroad...