Turner Syndrome

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Turner Syndrome

There are many possible reasons why a child may grow slow, including: hereditary factors, hormone imbalances, severe stress or emotional deprivation, infections in the womb before birth, bone diseases, and genetic or chromosomal abnormalities. American doctor Henry Turner recognized a pattern of short stature and unfinished sexual maturation in otherwise normal females. He published a comprehensive medical description of the syndrome. Turner's syndrome is a rare chromosomal disorder that affects one in approximately 2,500 females. Females normally have two X-chromosomes but, in those with Turner's syndrome, one X chromosome is absent or is damaged. Turner's syndrome may be diagnosed with one of many different names such as: 45 - X Syndrome, Chromosome X, Monosomy X, and Ovarian Dwarfism (Medlines Plus). Turner syndrome usually occurs periodically, which means that the change occurs in fetal development and is not inherited from either parent. In rare cases, a parent silently carries rearranged chromosomes that can result in Turner syndrome in a daughter, this is the only situation in which Turner syndrome is inherited. A reduced growth height is the most common visible characteristic of the syndrome and may be the only sign before puberty. Their body proportions are normal 1

but girls with this syndrome may have many middle ear infections during childhood. If not treated, the infections could cause hearing loss. Up to the age of about 2 years, growth in height is about normal, but then it lags behind that of other girls. Reduced growth height of a female, should lead to a chromosome test if no diagnosis has been made. Early diagnosis is important in order to be able to give enough information to the parents, and gradually to the child herself, so that she has the best chances for development. The most common defect is a narrowing of the main artery from the heart. This type of heart defect is present at birth and can be corrected with...
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