Topics: Tourism, Sustainable tourism, Cultural tourism Pages: 6 (1910 words) Published: April 20, 2013

Table of Contents
About the report1
1. Positive impacts of tourism of a country:2
1.1.Economic impacts of the tourism:2
1.2.Social impacts of tourism:4
1.3. Environmental impacts of tourism:4
2. The negative impacts of tourism of a country:4
2.1. Environmental impacts of tourism:5
2.2. Economic impacts of tourism:5
2.3. Political impacts of tourism:6

Tourism is usually described as having three majortypes ofimpacts on many of the places which tourists visit. These effects are economic, environmental, and socio-cultural in nature and some people have mentioned political consequences also. However, some impacts have been attributed to tourism though they may in fact originate elsewhere. Instead, more appropriate sources may be the media, the advertising & fashion industries, new industrial development, urban, modern agriculture, mining and forestry projects, and government and military activity. But while all these factors can be described as frequent features of modern societies, it is widely believed that travel and tourism do generate impacts, including economic ones. Tourism is the largest industry in the world and the fact that it is still growing portrays a very bright future for the industry. Many countries have made billions out of this industry and are still earning more but to gain something, we have to lose something. In this essay I will discuss the effects of the tourism industry on the community taking into account important factors such as politics, economics, the environment and the historical factors.

Tourism is the premier industry in many South Pacific countries. Not only does it bring a considerable amount of foreign currency, it also provides employment to many people. Its economic benefits are unquestionable but an over dependence on it may cause the downfall of other industries and the livelihood of the people associated with it. Many countries, especially developing countries with little ability to explore other resources, have taken up tourism as a way to improve the economy. However, as a result their survival often has become dependent on customary tourism revenue arrival.so this report is all about the economic social and environmental influences of tourism. 1. Positive impacts of tourism of a country

1.1Economic Effects -- Positive
Tourism creates jobs, both through direct employment within the tourism industry and indirectly in sectors such as retail and transportation. When these people spend their wages on goods and services, it leads to what is known as the "multiplier effect," creating more jobs. The tourism industry also provides opportunities for small-scale business enterprises, which is especially important in rural communities, and generates extra tax revenues, such as airport and hotel taxes, which can be used for schools, housing and hospitals. Price and Income Elasticity

Leisuretourism is considered to be price and income. Therefore, Price decreases and increases in destination countries (eg Thailand & Malaysia) are likely to, respectively, encourage or discourage some tourists from the traveller-generating countries (who would otherwise have visited) from coming. Similarly, income rises and income falls will have a parallel effect, Respectivelyencouraging or discouraging overseas visiting by citizens of the traveller-generating nations. The Economic Impacts of TouristsSpending

The economic effects of visitorpresence at destinations arise from the fact that travellers and tourists spend their money on a wide variety of goods and services. This expenditure can be seen as an injection of financial resources into the host economy, thereby creating new levels of consumer demand. Foreign Exchange

Foreign tourists change their foreign currency (usually a 'hard' or fully convertible one) into the local currency to pay for their tourism experience. As a result, the host country now has more...
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