Turbochargers: Internal Combustion Engine and Turbocharger

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Society is driven by the thought of improving every existing invention to make it bigger, smaller, more cost effective, or simply better. The internal combustion engine has been used in transportation for everyone who lives in a civilized area; whether it is a motorcycle, car, bus, airplane, etc. The most important advances in technology for these engines involve efficiency. Gas mileage, performance, and displacement are key concerns for all engineers of internal combustion engines. With the invention of the turbocharger all of these factors can be improved. The inventor, progression, impact, and current adaptation of the turbocharger are very important in understanding this engineering innovation. The entire world can thank Alfred Buchi for the invention of the turbocharger. Alfred was an engineer of steam turbines from the Swiss town of Winterthur and lived from July 11, 1879 to October 27, 1959. Alfred wanted to use the pressure the exhaust created in order to create positive pressure going into the engine. The idea was to use waste from the engine and create a product that would improve fuel economy and maximize power at the same time. After creating drawings of his idea he decided on getting a patent. “On 16 November 1905 Swiss engineer Dr. Alfred Buchi received patent No. 204630 from the Imperial Patent Office of the German Reich.” (http://www.gizmag.com/go/4848/) The basis of the need for more efficient power was all sparked after the invention of the internal combustion four stroke engine in 1890 by Wilhelm Maybach (http://inventors.about.com /library/weekly/aacarsgasa.htm). The first engines produced very little power and were extremely inefficient doing so thus there was a desire to improve the engine to make more power more efficiently. Initially the easiest and best way to gain power was to increase the displacement of the engine. Increasing the displacement was effective at making more power, but there was only so big an engine...
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