Tuberculosis Action Plan

Topics: Tuberculosis, Infectious disease, World Health Organization Pages: 6 (1518 words) Published: August 9, 2013
UNIVERSITY OF BEDFORDSHIRE

FACULTY OF HEALTH AND SOCIAL SCIENCES
MSc PUBLIC HEALTH

PRINCIPLES, POLICIES AND ISSUES IN PUBLIC HEALTH MODULE
UNIT CODE: PUB017-6

ACTION PLAN
ELIMINATION OF TUBERCULOSIS FROM PAKISTAN

LECTURER: DR HALA EVANS

Student Number: 1228034

Table of contents

Content page

Background 3 Key characteristic 3 Theme 3 Policy/New initiative 4 Strategies 4 Impact/service delivery 5 References 6-7

Background

This action plan is the key knowledge for a briefing paper for the prevention of highly pandemic disease tuberculosis in Pakistan. The main purpose of this action plan to build more effective policies and strong strategies to stop the transmission of the tuberculosis and to eliminate this from Pakistan. Tuberculosis is an infectious disease caused by mycobacteria, usually mycobacterium tuberculosis, it spreads through air and transmission of respiratory fluid of the people with active tuberculosis infection (kumar et al, 2007). A study suggests that approximately 1/3 of the world’s population has tuberculosis infections (Tuberculosis fact sheet, 2010) and every year 1% of the world’s whole population gets tuberculosis infected (WHO, 2002) According to an estimate about 13.7 million chronic cases found in 2007 (WHO, 2009). Another study stats that 8.8 million new cases diagnosed with tuberculosis and 1.45 million among them leads to death every year in developing countries (WHO, 2011). Another study illustrates that tuberculosis is second most common cause of deaths after the HIV/AIDS (Dolin et al, 2010). However there was a significant reductions in prevalence and incidence being seen since 2005 and 2002 respectively (WHO, 2011) It has been observed that tuberculosis is distributed all over the world but 81% Asian and Africans countries are infected with tuberculosis where 5 to 10% diagnosed in united states. In Pakistan Tuberculosis is one of the leading cause of serious sickness which results in high mortality rate approximately 240,000 people get sick which causes approximately 70,000 deaths every year (Khan and Malik, 2003). Tuberculosis place Pakistan at number 6th in highly affected states (Vermund, 2009 ). According to WHO a progress has been made after launching National Tuberculosis Control program in Pakistan since it is established 1.5 million treated free of cost. Key Competencies

Tuberculosis is highly concerning issue in Pakistan and it is highly contagious disease will associate to the key competency area six in faculty of public health which aims to protect the general public from communicable diseases and hazards. Theme

The fundamental theme of this paper is to eliminate the tuberculosis from Pakistan. Tuberculosis comprises 5.1% of total disease burden of Pakistan. Over the decade lot of work been done in this area but despite all that still significant number of issues related to TB are present and express that this disease have strong link with the socio economic status of people (Link and Phelan 1995), 75% patient were at reproductive age group, many of...
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