Summary of the article “The Psychology of Sexual Prejudice” Wanjie Tang
PSY 2012 (11:40-3:00)
Miami Dade Community College
According to Gergory M. Herek, the author of the article “The Psychology of Sexual Prejudice,” people who have homosexual or bisexual orientations frequently suffer from violence, insult, discrimination, and social or personal rejection. There are thousands of hate crimes, which related to different sexual orientations, was recorded by police. In 1973, After American Psychiatric Association as psychotic diagnosis dropped the homosexuality; we start to pay attention to the reasons of the negative attitudes to the homosexual orientations. The psychologist, George Weinberg was mentioned by the author as a creator of the word “homophobia.” Meanwhile, the word “heterosexism” appeared as a term as well, which implicitly and irrationally describe heterosexuality is more high-level than homosexuality. Homophobia has been used to express the antigay standpoint toward homosexual behaviors. Many critics criticize this word, because it represents a problem of social unfairness of homosexuality. This antigay point represents the cultural and social ideologies, instead of the equality of each individual: so, the term “sexual prejudice” was offered by the author to satisfy the scientific studies of the psychology of antigay attitudes. Sexual prejudice aims at any negative attitude or standpoint of sexual orientations, which includes homosexual, bisexual, and heterosexual. However, current fact is that such prejudice essentially target to the homosexual group, which was marked as gay, bisexual, or lesbian. Thus, the behaviors of homosexuals, the homosexual and bisexual orientation, and the community group of homosexual and bisexual are three targets of heterosexuals’ antigay attitudes. In addition, sexual prejudice is a negative evaluation, and it aims to a social community. The...
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