Truman Essay

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Truman Essay

For Harry Truman the choice whether to use the bomb or not to use the bomb was one of the most difficult decisions of his life. The American soldiers and civilians were exhausted from four years of war, but still the Japanese military refused to give up there fight. American forces where occupying Okinawa and Iwo Jima and were intensely fire bombing Japanese cities. Japan had an army of 2 million, and they were staying strong. They stationed them selves in the home islands guarding against any invasion. The Allies demanded for immediate surrender, although the demand said that refusal would result in total destruction, there was no mention of any weapon of mass destruction. The Japanese military refused to surrender.

On August 6, 1945 a plane called the Enola Gay dropped the first atomic bomb on the city of Hiroshima. 70,000 Japanese citizens were instantly vaporized. An additional 100,000 perished from burns and radiation sickness. Then the Soviet Union declared war on Japan. August 9, a second atomic bomb was dropped on Nagasaki, where 80,000 Japanese people perished. August 14, 1945, the Japanese surrendered. Some say that Truman’s decision was a barbaric act the brought negative long- term consequence to the United States, while military analysts say that Japan was on its last leg any way, and the bombing were simply unnecessary. Truman stated that his decision to drop the bomb was purely military. Truman also believes that the bombings saved Japanese lives as well as taking them. He believes without them the war would have continued on longer and taken even more Japanese lives. Granted, the scientific side of the military fail to foresee the horrible effects of radiation sickness, Truman saw no difference between the atomic bomb on Hiroshima or fire bombing Dresden or Tokyo. In some opinions Truman’s decision was justified and in some its not.

In perhaps the most famous civilian- military confrontation in the history of the United...
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