Tropical Rainforest

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The deforestation of tropical rainforests has been a very serious issue since the early 20th century. Governments, environmental groups and even the United Nations had tried to stem the tide but with little or no success. So much has been said and done but to no avail. Well, for starters Rainforests are home to half of all the living animal and plant species on the planet. The tropical rainforest is earth's most complex biome in terms of both structure and species diversity. A tropical rainforest is a biome found within (roughly) 10 degrees north or south of the equator. They are common in Asia, Australia, Africa, South America, Central America, Mexico and on many of the Pacific Islands. It occurs under optimal growing conditions: abundant precipitation and year round warmth. Tropical rain forests are called the "world's largest pharmacy" because over a quarter of modern medicines originate from its plants. Curare comes from a tropical vine, and is used as an anesthetic and to relax muscles during surgery. Quinine, from the cinchona tree, is used to treat malaria. More than 1,400 varieties of tropical plants are thought to be potential cures for cancer. A tropical rain forest has more kinds of trees than any other area in the world. Deforestation at an alarming rate is harming our tropical rainforests seriously and there are a couple of reasons for it. One of the main reasons can be attributed to overpopulation. With nowhere else to go, people venture deeper and deeper into the forests while destroying them at the same time. The soil of rainforests are very poor, so it becomes arid after a few years and people move in deeper into the forests in a never ending cycle of slash and burn. Another major cause of destruction is the logging industry, which does just as much if not more damage than the small farmer. It is estimated that 11 million acres of forest trees are cleared to support the commercial and property industries. Not to mention the damage...
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