Handicrafts are mostly defined as "Items made by hand, often with the use of simple tools, and are generally artistic and/or traditional in nature. They are also objects of utility and objects of decoration." The Indian handicrafts are known the world over for their rich variety, grace, elegance and skilled. Excavations conducted in different parts of India prove that India in various periods had unmemorable handicrafts. The ruins and remains unearthed from Mohan-Jo-Daro prove the high skill of craftsmanship of the inhabitants of this region. Household utensils plain and painted pottery brought about by the rhythmic turning of the wheel, terracotas, weapons and implements, ornaments, were some of the artistic and valuable things found there. Varieties of handicrafts are produced over time in all parts of the country including tribal areas. Thus handicrafts of any given time and space reflect and preserve in them the results of centuries of patient experiments of man under varying circumstances. Like art craft treasures also reflect the taste of human society through the individual and give collective mind of the community. Crafts not only satisfy economic wants but also the aesthetic yearning of man. According to Export Promotion Council of Handicraft (EPCH), the share of Indian handicrafts is only 0.08% in the world market while China in just 5 years has cornered 56% of the export market.
Classification of Handicraft
Handicrafts can be broadly classified in three categories
Consumer goods: Artisan prepare such utilitarian goods for self consumption or for exchange such baskets for keeping domestic articles, smoking pipes, footwear, hunting arrows, combs, storing, wooden and stone plates for use ,textile items like shawls, coats, jackets. Processing industries: such as minor forest products for self consumption and for exchange at weekly hatt on barter age system or sell them for money to purchase other items for self consumption
Decorative items: include jewellery, and ornaments, earrings, anlklebells, necklaces, head gears, head dresses, In addition other decorative items such as wall paintings, deities either wood or stone, artifacets. These handicrafts for decoration are for self use or sell /exchange them in the weekly market for money
Designing in Handicraft
Designing is a very vast subject and has different meanings for item to item, source to source and product for academic and practical purpose separately. The designing can be categorized in five types viz.: Natural design, Decorative & Stylish Design, Structural Design, Geometrical Design, Abstract Design In Natural design the ideas and motives are taken from nature flora and fauna. Natural design are generally used in children room to aquiant them with nature and surrounding. These designs should not be tinkered to preserve the esthetic beauty and essence of the design. The source of decorative and stylish designs is also nature and its elements, which are reproduced with simplification and imagination and are meant for general customers. In structural design the structure is the main theme of the design. In geometrical designs the motive are incorporated from the geometrical patterns. In abstract design the theme is hidden in the design itself and the creator is the only person to express its theme, meaning and beauty.
Tribal Handicraft as Livelihood option
The tribal economy is also equally distinctive since it is closed and undifferentiated characterized by adoption of primitive technology in economic pursuits. The tribal people earn in their livelihood by undertaking many occupations such as forestry and food gathering, shifting cultivation, settled agriculture, and industrial labour, animal husbandry, fishing, traditional commerce of which household industry including handicrafts is of prime importance There is...