Trends in Import and Export

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Trends in India's Trade, Exports and Imports
Having been an agro-based economy, Indian trade has always been devoid of manufactured or industrial goods. Post liberalisation, imports dominated the Indian trade scene in the form of heavy machinery and information technology products and, thus, created an imbalance of trade. India Trade: Exports

Indian trade was impacted by the global recession of 2007-2009. Indian exports fell from $200.9 billion in 2008 to $165 billion in 2009. India ranked 22nd in the world in terms of export volume.

Being a country with a huge workforce, India has seen its trade being boosted by the production of precious stones and metals. The various other export commodities that India exports are:
Petroleum products
Machinery
Iron and steel
Chemicals
Vehicles
Apparel

India’s main export partners are:

UAE
US
China
Singapore

The following graph shows how the above countries have contributed to the total volume:

Indian trade has undergone massive restructuring following the 1991 liberalisation policies. Ever since, India’s exports have experienced a growth rate of 18.11%. The big surprise has been the import sector that has experienced a growth rate of 34.30%.

India Trade: Imports

The Indian economy is headed towards becoming a developed economy and all its sectors are in need of machinery and energy. Therefore, Indian imports are dominated by crude oil and machines. Other imported commodities are: •Precious stones

Fertilizer
Iron and steel
Gold & Silver
Electronic Goods
Machinery other than Electrical
Organic & Inorganic Chemicals
Metalliferous Ores & Products
Coal
Transport Equipment

In 2009, total imports amounted to $253.9 billion, down from the 2008 figure of $322.3 billion. India ranked fifteenth in the world in terms of import volume.
India’s import partners are:
China 10.8%
Saudi Arabia 6.9%
US 6.7%U
AE 6.7%
Iran 4.2%...
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