The war had left Europe in shambles. WWI ended on November 11, 1918, leaving millions of European soldiers dead and injured. Large areas of Belgium and France had been devastated and two of Europe's most powerful countries, Germany and Austria-Hungary, were defeated and exhausted. All the European countries were now bankrupt from the cost of waging a war for four years. Germany had not been defeated, but knew that if it continued to fight war against the strong American army, defeat in Berlin would result. Because Germany had surrendered, her only option was to either sign the treaty, or else go back to war again, which would inevitably result in defeat. The Treaty was unexpectedly harsh, though, despite the fact Germany hadn't been defeated, she had merely surrendered.
The leaders of the victorious countries met in Paris in 1919 to try to settle the war issues, with intentions of preventing another war. Everyone agreed that a new system was needed, as the old system of alliances had failed. There were different views from the leaders on what to include in the treaty. David Lloyd George, the British Prime Minister, did not want... [continues]
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